How using quotes can help your writing?

Quotes are often an underutilized writing opportunity.  Adding quotes, and I don’t mean just a few spackle on random pages throughout your writing, can be very beneficial to writers in a number of ways. quotes can also help you convey your meeting, grab readers attention, and communicate your message better. So, here are just a few thoughts on how quotes can help you achieve your writing goals.

Using quotes can help with your use of Tactful repetition

An on topic quote can give you another communication point about the subject that you are discussing, thereby, providing another mental reference to reinforce your subject.

If done with care, you can also get more than one use out of a quote. You can use a quote in the sentence of your paragraph, but this also doesn’t preclude you from isolating it and using other tactics listed below to present it more than once, to make it stand out, and to make it visually impactful.

Also, when quotes are properly placed and made distinct enough, garner the attention of readers who are using skimming and skinny techniques to acquaint themselves or to refresh themselves with the information that they are reading.

Use of quotes can add Volume to your writing

Quotes or an easy way to add value and to expand the volume of your writing. This this is especially true when writing about nonfiction topics.

Sometimes when writing you have a target word count that you’re trying to achieve or document length. If you’ve done your research ahead of time and collect your quotes , then you should be able to add a few short, on topic, non-distracting quotes, which will increase the total word count of your document and the total page count of your document.

If you’re flexible in your approached including quotes in your writing, then you will have several opportunities to make your quotes stand out and to better convey your message.


Isolating your Quotes within your document can make it easier to distinguish and add emphasis to the quote but it also adds whitespace before and after the quote and citation. Depending on how you formatted your quote and citation, you may also add one line or two between the actual quote and the citation.

Isolation of your quote not only adds white space, it makes your quote more visually impactful. If a quote is by itself, rather than buried in a paragraph, the reader will notice the quote and read the quote without the distraction of surrounding words.


In addition to isolation or rather than isolation, you can bold and or italicize your quotes, so, that they are more visually prominent within the text of your paragraph.

Highlighting or background Shading

Highlighting the quote or shading background surrounding the quote can both be visually effective methods to make the quote stand out, be more recognizable, and potentially cause the reader to pay more attention to the quote and read the quote.

Including the quote in a picture or a graphic

Using a graphic or a picture with your quote included in it is another way to make a quote graphically stand out within your document and to be eye-catching. The trick here is that the graphic or picture must be directly related to the quote, your topic, and it must not be too big and distracting in nature. you need the picture or graphic to appeal to the reader, to catch the reader’s attention, and to focus and reinforce the reads thinking.

Quotes Assist in communicating expertise and background knowledge

Using quotes when pertinent to the topic you are writing about and from a variety of sources, can demonstrate that you have thought about and researched the subject about which your writing. This particularly true, when the quote come from all of variety of authoritative sources which have been properly cited and not just from a web search.


I’m sure there are more ways in which quotes can be put to use full effect in writing, but this primer should be a helpful start.

Fantasy Subgenres

Fantasy Subgenres
Fantasy Subgenres

Science-Fiction and Fantasy are substantially different categories. Characteristics of fantasy and science fiction often overlap and the precise classification of a given work is subject to debate among some fans and writers. Both fantasy and science fiction of genres are usually shelved together in bookstores and libraries, because of their readerships’ and authors tend to overlap somewhat. Science-Fiction and Fantasy writer sometimes choose to wear two hats and writ some of both.

The term ‘fantasy,’ when regarded as part of a particular genre, generally brings to mind tales of dragons and castles and knights and the great quest. Truthfully, the fantasy genre is much broader and Fantasy sub-genres may include these and others:

• The Quest
• Arthurian Fantasy
• Comic Fantasy
• Dark Fantasy
• Fairy Tales
• Mythology
• Heroic Fantasy
• High Fantasy
• Magic Realism
• Modern Fantasy
• Mystery Fantasy
• Speculative Fantasy
• Romance Fantasy
• Sword and Sorcery
• Good Versus Evil

Related References

Tips for Optimizing Speech Recognition Applications

High-Quality Headset With Microphone.
High-Quality Headset With Microphone.

I have been using speech recognition applications, sometimes called dictation, for several years now and have learned to appreciate it. However, there are deftly some things that will make it work better for you regardless of the dictation software you use. I most frequently used Dragon NaturallySpeaking, but I have used other speech recognition software in a pinch, including the Windows 10 speech recognition software.

I’ve even written other blogs on the value of speech recognition applications, but I thought it might be time to provide a couple of quick simple tips to help train and improve the value of your speech recognition applications.

Use A Powerful Computer With Plenty Of Memory

I have written an entire blog post on why it is good to have a powerful computer, but I will mention it here in general terms. Having a computer with fast multiple central processing units (CPUs) and high levels of memory will, in general, improve the speed of the speech recognition software and therefore be less distracting and less likely to make you hesitate when speaking to allow the software to catch up.

Get A High-Quality Headset With Microphone

Having a high-quality headset with microphone is the first place to start it works far better than using the microphone on your laptop or the cheap headphone that may have come with the software if you purchased it.

A good headset has several advantages, among them, are the fact that this microphone is closer to your mouth and therefore can more easily hear your voice without interference. Also, the improved quality of microphone reception will help to improve the accuracy of the voice recognition application you’re using.

Train Yourself

Now, this topic may seem a little silly, but the way we speak will affect the overall performance and quality of the speech recognition software. Therefore, we must train ourselves to use speech recognition applications correctly and efficiently. This will require us to learn a few commands, at least, the ones we most commonly use.

Speak Normally

when we first start using’s speech recognition applications we tend to want to speak in short bursts and watch to ensure that the application is interpreting correctly and keeping up. However, this practice not only is unnecessary, but it disrupts your writing flow as well. Speech recognition software has been engineered to learn from us and to interpret under normal speaking conditions, so, we must have a conversational pace to our speaking in order to get the best out of speech recognition applications. This means not speaking slowly, or into jilted of a manner, or to rapidly. We just need to speak with a steady natural rhythm and with clear normal enunciation.

Don’t Forget About Punctuation

this is more of an efficiency factor in a bit of an exception to the speaking normally rule, but it does follow the train yourself rule. As you speak train yourself to say the punctuation words where they would be appropriate in the text. Commands like parentheses, period, and question mark, make the results more readable and facilitate editing. And the facilitation during editing applies whether you added visually or using applications such as Grammarly. Ultimately, speaking punctuation as you go will save time, even if it takes a little effort to develop the habit.

Use Verbal Correction Commands

now I willingly admit that this is a practice that I frequently violate. However, if you learn and use the “correction” commands for the speech recognition software you’re using, assuming it has one, will help the application learn and, in some applications, they will even make suggestions for correction. Using the voice commands to make corrections will help the software learn more efficiently and shorten the learning curve to improved accuracy and efficiency. This is particularly true if you use vocabulary that is unique to a particular topic on a regular basis.


Well, I hope you find these basic tips useful, and if I had to add one more quick tip it would be used to software frequently. The more you use your speech to recognition software the more practice it has and the greater the opportunity for it to learn your speech patterns and common vocabulary usage.

Related References

The line of a people

The line of a people
The line of a people

It is in the fullness of the journey of our life that we begin to understand the true meaning of the smallness of our place in the lineage of life.   As we look forward and back, it becomes apparent that our actual contribution is not the material things we gather.  But instead, our the accumulation of contribution to the building of the future through those we help, teach, and our progeny which constitute the path into the future.

How Using Speech Recognition Software Can Increase Your Writing and Blogging Productivity

Speech Recognition and Your Productivity
Speech Recognition and Your Productivity

The use of Speech recognition software is fast becoming one of the finest ways to improving your Writing and Blogging Productivity. The beauty of using speech recognition software is boundless. With Speech recognition software, you can vocally express what you possibly will not be able to put in writing. Verbalizing your articles or blogs saves you time, and shields your fingers from the feared carpal tunnel syndrome. If you are a busy writer and at all times searching for techniques for improving productivity, Speech Recognition Software is one of today’s great technology tools for writing more proficiently. Below are some of the major benefits attached to the use of Speech Recognition Software in Increasing Your Writing and Blogging Productivity.

  • Capture Your Speaking Voice
  • Concentration on Words, Not on Writing Alone
  • Enhancing Your Enthusiasm to Write
  • Get Your Ideas Down Faster

Capture Your Speaking Voice

With the use of Speech Recognition Software, your writing and blogs would sound more like hearing you (the author) speak. If you have an audience that requires more closure, then the use of Speech Recognition Software would improve your style to become clearer, sharper and ultimately productive too.  Most Speech Recognition Software captures the natural quality of your words, making your writings feel more like talking to your audience directly. This has strong advantages if your writing involves more blogging and other forms of social media, and especially where genuineness and an informal tone becomes highly treasured. It is much easier to ‘Capture Your Speaking Voice’ when all that is needed is opening your mouth and speak.

Concentration on Words, Not on Writing Alone

Speech Recognition Software is exceptional in putting ideas down and making a quality draft. But our priority as writers is not producing a pointless assembly of words. We all still want to produce a well-crafted piece of writing and blogging. Speech Recognition Software makes it faster and easier to achieve this, permitting you to review your draft by highlighting and swapping words with simple instructions.

Enhancing Your Enthusiasm to Write

You can probably tell, as writers, we enjoy writing. With Speech Recognition Software, you can now freely wander around your space, talking in your natural voice and watch as ideas turned into words appear on the screen almost instantly. This makes writing an optimistic pleasure and thus enhancing your enthusiasm to write every day. I can tell from experience how much struggle and procrastination can get in the way of sitting down to write. But with the use of Speech Recognition Software, I am delighted to let you know it has significantly reduced my resistance to writing. I still experience some resistance though; probably there always will be. But with the use of Speech Recognition Software these days, I enthusiastically look onward to writing every day.

Get Your Ideas Down Faster

Are you pretty fast with typing, but often times find your fingers struggling to maintain pace with your thoughts as you write. There are times, as a writer, I simply could not get the right words down quickly enough, and found myself nervously typing while trying to grasp quite a few lines in my short memory. But with Speech Recognition Software, you can write quicker and relaxed – whether it is a quick post on your blog. The act of typing might also be taking up your attention as well. With my experience in typing, making use of Speech Recognition Software felt pretty automatic and has removed any element of friction. It is common sense when you look at it critically, the act of talking is a far more natural and effective means of producing words than using your fingers.


Well, we can all agree to the saying that ‘Practice Makes Perfect,’ and one of the most excellent techniques for advancing your writing skills is to do more of it. Speech Recognition Software can aid you to generate a large number of useful ideas and text quickly. Overall, the usefulness of Speech Recognition Software far outweighs the drawbacks. It is transforming writing to a whole new level. Have You Tried any Speech Recognition Software? Either way, it is here to stay, and as writers, you can significantly increase your writing and blogging productivity with the use of a Speech Recognition Software.

Related References

How To Edit Your Own Writing

Editing Your Own Writing
Editing Your Own Writing

Editing Your Writing

The writing process is not complete until editing is done. Established writers like Stephen King write daily and their first drafts, like everyone’s, can be flabby, unreadable and mostly grammatically inconsistent. However, like great sculptures, bestsellers and highly rated articles are edited out of the initial drafts. We don’t often see the mess. What we see are the refined masterpieces and great articles.

What is editing?

The process of selecting and preparing written works used to convey information is known as editing. The steps often involved in the editing process include:

  1. Correction,
  2. Condensation,
  3. The organization, and;
  4. Several other modifications performed with the aim of producing an accurate, consistent, correct and complete work.

When should you edit?

Every writer has a different circadian rhythm and creative cycle throughout the day,  so do they have a different time of day which is best for writing and editing their work. However, as a general rule of thumb, it is important to get as much writing done before editing.

Techniques involved in self-edit writing

The techniques involved in editing evolve as the writer becomes a more competent writer. Many of the best-selling authors edit as they write. Beginning and freelance writers of nonfiction and fiction books, articles, short stories and blog posts, who are keen to give a great first impression when their articles or books appear online or in other forms of publications can make use of the following techniques to improve their editing skills:

Let your writing rest/cool off

An editor has to be objective. You have to be unbiased and be a strong critic of your written works. This objectiveness and a fresh perspective are achieved by letting your writing cool off for a while. In the case of novel writing, you can put the draft away for a month. This will give you sufficient time to clear your mind and be objective about your written work. However, in case of articles and other forms of short writings, you can let your writing cool off for about 2 to 3 hours.

Accumulate a checklist of your common mistakes

What are your common mistakes? Do you have a list of your common mistakes? Many mistakes come from haste in writing and inattention rather than ignorance. Others may stem from a confusion of grammatical usage. Keeping a checklist of your usual errors and help find patterns in your errors. The process and tracking and reviewing your common mistakes speeds the editing process and improves quality avoiding similar mistakes in future writings.

Verify factual information

Fact checking began in the 20th century when magazines ensured that statements of fact made in non-fictional texts were verified before publication. Verification of factual information increases the credibility of articles and other published writings. You can make use of the following websites and other authoritative sources to verify factual information made in your own writings:

  1. Google and other Search Engines: Although you need critical eyes to be able to spot a good search result, Google and other search engines are the best places to start when checking facts online.
  2. Snopes: There are several theories and urban legends online. Snopes is the best place to check if certain facts rumored on the internet are true and factual before putting them in a major article.
  3. The website provides a self-acclaimed objective view of political data and information about the US politics.
  4. WhoWhatWhen: This is a database containing vital information about famous people and important events.
  5. Merriam-Webster: Finally, Merriam-Webster is an excellent free resource you can use to quickly check basic facts, such as medical information, the meaning of words, or overview articles.

Listen to what you write (read it to yourself or have someone read it to you)

This is one of the most essential editing skills that you can apply in your writing process. Sometimes, a written piece can be mechanically correct but lacks the fluidity needed to be understood by a reader. It is therefore good to read out aloud your articles, blog posts or ebooks before clicking that publish button.

Avoid unnecessary colloquialisms and jargon

One of the golden rules of writing is knowing your audience. Except you are writing to a very informal audience, it will help your self-edit writing and eventually your editing skills, to avoid unnecessary colloquialisms and jargon.

Use a consistent writing style guide

It is easy to have an inconsistent writing style when you are trying to write an article that is heavily researched. In fact, you can veer off in fiction works. That is why you have to check for inconsistency in your writing style when editing your nonfiction and fiction books, articles, short stories or blog posts.

Use proper but minimalist punctuation

(e.g. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), The Chicago Manual of Style, The Business Style Handbook)

 Check for bad habit and problem word use for example:

  • ‘That’, when, and ‘which’ should be used
  • a lot/a lot: “alot” is a common misspelling of “a lot” which means a little.
  • affect/effect:- “affect” is a verb while “effect” is a noun
  • can/may: “can” is used to signify ability while “may” indicates permission.
  • further/farther: These are similar and very confusing words. However, while “farther” refers to physical distances, “further” refers to non-physical distances.
  • good/well: “Good” is an adjective while “well” is an adverb
  • i.e./e.g.: (i.e. means in essence while, e.g., is from the Latin exempli gratia which means example)
  • into/in to: “ into” is a preposition while “in to” is part of an infinitive verb.
  • it’s/its: “Its” is the possessive form of it. “It’s” is short for it is or it has.
  • lay/lie: While “lay requires a direct object, “lie” does not require a direct object. For instance, you lie down, but you lay something down.
  • less/fewer- “fewer” is used for countable nouns while “less” is for uncountable nouns.
  • that/who- “that” refers to groups of things or animals while “who” refers to groups of people.
  • their/they’re/there: “Their” is for possession. “They’re” is short for they are. “There” is a place.
  • then/than- This is mostly a spelling mistake as “then” is used as an adverb that refers to time while “than” is for comparison.
  • who/whom- In a sentence, “who” is the subject while “whom” refers to the object.
  • your/you’re- “your” is for possession while “you’re” is short for you are.

Use grammar, word choice and plagiarism checker

Grammer checkers, such as Grammarly, can help clean up common usage problems and even help identify content taken or duplicating other written works.  A word of caution, grammar checkers are not perfect and careful consideration should be given before excepting their recommendations or to trusting that the tools have identified all mistakes. You still need to read your work.

Check for gender, racial, sexual orientation, national, and other bias

You don’t want to spoil an article with a careless choice of sensitive words. Bias and stereotypes might also concern hair color, age, income, weight, life situation, or anything that judges personality characteristics based on outward appearance and other factors.

Trim, long sentences

If you have more than 25 words in a sentence, you should probably consider trimming the sentence to a sizeable length. Short sentences are easy to read.

Yes, I’m done editing!

Self-edit writing can be dull, and that is why many beginning and freelance writers of nonfiction and fiction books, articles, short stories and blog posts, often skip the editing process. However, by following the basic rules highlighted above, you will take your initial draft from a rough piece to a refined masterpiece.

Related References

The Pyramid Style Approach To Writing

Pyramid Writing Style
Pyramid Writing Style

The Pyramid Writing Style

In writing, the pyramid writing ѕtуlе іѕ a ѕtуlе thаt has еxіѕtеd long bеfоrе, аnd hаѕ bееn uѕеd bу vаrіоuѕ grеаt wrіtеrѕ to give mоrе dіѕtіnсt сhаrасtеrіѕtісѕ and form to their mоdе оf writing;  thereby making their form of wrіtіng dіffеrеnt frоm wrіtеrs.

Late Gаrу Prоvоѕt was a seasoned writer and he wаѕ one of the great advocates fоr Pуrаmіd wrіtіng ѕtуlе.  Think оf a руrаmіd. Thе base is broad and thе tор narrow and роіnted, nоw think оf аnу article or blog уоu want to wrіtе. Yоu’vе gоt a lot оf information tо іmраrt, but of аll that іnfоrmаtіоn, whаt іѕ the most important раrt? What is іt that rеаdеrѕ want to knоw and want tо knоw immediately? Thаt fосuѕеd dаtа іѕ the роіnt of thе pyramid. Thе rеѕt of еvеrуthіng you write іѕ fіllіng in and buіldіng until you hаvе fіnіѕhеd thе broad bаѕе.

A Pуrаmіd doesn’t rеѕt оn thе роіnt, thеу rest on their bаѕе. The point іѕ whаt you see fіrѕt. Thаt’ѕ how еffесtіvе wrіtіng ѕhоuld bе. Thе роіnt of thе аrtісlе руrаmіd іѕ the mоѕt іmроrtаnt information, аnd іt ѕhоuld bе іn thе fіrѕt раrаgrарh.

Whо, whаt, when, whеrе, аnd whу.

Thаt’ѕ whаt’ѕ іmроrtаnt. That’s whаt readers wаnt tо knоw. That’s whаt should bе іn раrаgrарh 1. Thеn уоu use the rеѕt of уоur rеѕеаrсh tо fill in the ѕuрроrtіng information in subsequent раrаgrарhѕ. Thе руrаmіd style hеlрѕ уоu оrgаnіzе your thоughtѕ and уоur supporting dаtа. If you knоw, whаt goes іntо раrаgrарh 1, іt’ѕ a lot еаѕіеr to wrіtе thе other раrаgrарhѕ thаt gіvе thе ѕuрроrt іnfо and аll thе dеtаіlѕ.

Readers want this style оf соnѕtruсtіоn. Some Nеwѕрареr Articles аrе іrrіtаtіng and dоn’t ѕеll well thеѕе days,  bесаuѕе you hаvе to ѕkіm thrоugh еvеrу раrаgrарh tо find thе fосuѕеd іnfо you need. Whо has thе time for thаt? Whеn уоu rеаd ѕоmеthіng like that оn a web раgе оr blog, I just keep ѕurfіng. It’s tеdіоuѕ.

Aсtuаllу, SEO writing grew оut of the руrаmіd ѕtуlе. Putting thоѕе kеуwоrdѕ and kеу рhrаѕеѕ іn the fіrѕt couple оf sentences соnfоrmѕ tо руrаmіd ѕtуlе.

In руrаmіd ѕtуlе оf writing, what is most important is саtсhіng thе аttеntіоn оf уоur rеаdеrѕ wіth thе fіrѕt key роіntѕ on the news, the topic оf the nеwѕ іtѕеlf should bе ѕuсh thаt іѕ vеrу much сарtіvаtіng and thаt аt thе slight glance оf уоur readers, they аrе gluеd to continue with the nеwѕ. It іѕ аftеr thіѕ fіrѕt раrаgrарh аnd title bеіng саtсhу, thеn уоu саn lаtеr buіld the оthеr аrt оf thе nеwѕ around it. But lеt thе mоѕt іntеrеѕtіng аnd саtсhу part аlwауѕ comes fіrѕt, that іѕ thе essence оf руrаmіd ѕtуlе оf writing. Pyramid style іѕ uѕеd for ѕhоrt аrtісlеѕ, reports, blоgѕ, anything you wrіtе whеrе уоu wаnt tо organize your thоughtѕ ԛuісklу аnd wrіtе fаѕt and clearly.

Pyramid rероrt writing fеаturеѕ the most important іnfоrmаtіоn being соnvеуеd briefly early оn in thе rероrt, аnd lеѕѕ іmроrtаnt іnfоrmаtіоn is dеtаіlеd nеаr thе end оf thе rероrt.  Kеер іn mind the journalistic Fіvе Wѕ аррrоасh tо informative wrіtіng.

Fоr a rероrt tо be complete, it muѕt аnѕwеr ѕіx ԛuеѕtіоnѕ:

  1. Whо? Who wаѕ involved іn the event?
  2. What? Whаt hарреnеd?
  3. Whеn? Whеn dіd іt hарреn?
  4. Whеrе? Whеrе dіd іt hарреn?
  5. Whу? Why dіd it оссur?
  6. Hоw? How did it оссur?

By аnѕwеrіng thеѕе ѕіx ԛuеѕtіоnѕ, you саn bе ѕurе thаt all client concerns hаvе bееn answered.

Hеrе’ѕ hоw tо mаkе руrаmіd report writing wоrk for уоu:

  • Anѕwеr thе journalistic 5-W questions: “Whо, whаt, whеrе, when, hоw аnd whу” in the fіrѕt paragraph оf your rероrt:

Whеn should Pуrаmіd Writing Aррrоасh Bе Uѕеd?

Pуrаmіd аррrоасh іѕ the bеѕt аррrоасh tо bе used whеn ԛuісk іnfоrmаtіоn dіѕѕеmіnаtіоn is rеԛuіrеd аnd whеn brеvіtу is thе mаіn aim іn the іnfоrmаtіоn. Examples оf thе times іt can bе uѕеd аrе

  1. Non-Fiction wrіtіng
  2. Blоg posts
  3. Article wrіtіng
  4. Nеwѕ wrіtіng 

Advаntаgеѕ Of Pyramid Stуlе Of wrіtіng

  1. It helps tо be рrесіѕе and ѕtrаіght forward іn іnfоrmаtіоn gіvіng
  2. It gеtѕ іnfоrmаtіоn раѕѕеd across to thе rеаdеrѕ аt the fіrѕt glаnсе
  3. It makes ѕсаn-rеаdіng very еаѕу
  4. It facilitates lеаn аnd Cоmрасt wrіtіng

Hеrе are ѕоmе guіdеlіnеѕ to соnѕіdеr whеn wrіtіng uѕіng pyramid Stуlе.

  • By uѕіng соntеnt ѕtruсturе to hіghlіght concepts іn a scannable/skimmable wау:
  • Title
  • Sесtіоn Hеаdеrѕ
  • Thе fіrѕt sentence аnd last ѕеntеnсе of еасh раrаgrарh
  • Visual іnfоrmаtіоn displayed (іf simple and easily understood), including Chаrtѕ,grарhісѕ, illustrations, аnd thеіrаѕѕосіаtеdtіtlеѕ,lаbеlѕ, аnd lеgеndѕ
  • Uѕе tаblеѕ tо оrgаnіzе соmрlеx lіѕt
  • Kеер the blog роѕt or article short аnd ѕіmрlе
  • Use аrtful rереtіtіоn to rеіnfоrсе kеу mеѕѕаgе
  • Write wіth аn active vоісе
  • Have a ѕhоrt соnсluѕіоn, сарѕtоnеѕ you message аnd еѕѕеntіаl fасtѕ

Tо gіvе a Bеttеr understanding tо thе pyramid ѕtуlе оf writing, hеrе are some rеѕеаrсhеd thoughts:

Gаrу Prоvоѕt, a seasoned writer, саllеd it Pyramid ѕtуlе,  (as орроѕеd to іnvеrtеd руrаmіd) bесаuѕе іt is a vаlіd fоrm for web wrіtіng whеn used wеll. Good wrіtіng never “fоrсеѕ” іnfоrmаtіоn іntо аn іnfо dump аt thе bеgіnnіng, juѕt as gооd writing doesn’t hаvе fluff below thе іmроrtаnt stuff. It hаѕ ѕuрроrtіng, аddіtіоnаl information, whісh juѕt іѕn’t аѕ critical аѕ thе іnfо at thе bеgіnnіng.

A ѕhоrt Exаmрlе of a руrаmіd ѕtуlе of writing in news dissemination іѕ gіvеn bеlоw:

For instance, there wаѕ a war іn a раrtісulаr аrеа, and it соѕtѕ lоtѕ оf lіvеѕ, аnd vаluаblеѕ wеrе lоѕt. In thе rероrtіng process оf thеѕе tуре оf news using a руrаmіd ѕtуlе оf writing, whаt should соmе fіrѕt is how people dіеd, the amount оf реорlе thаt dіеd, thе аmоunt of vаluаblеѕ lost,  these іnfоrmаtіоn that соmеѕ first grірѕ the rеаdеr, аnd he rеmаіnѕ glued tо thе nеwѕ. After thіѕ саtсhу аррrоасh, then thе additional іnfоrmаtіоn аbоut whаt caused thе wаr, оr hоw the war ѕtаrtеd can nоw соmе іntо the nеwѕ at the bоttоm раrt, аnd thеn thе соnсludіng part.

The Writing Pyramid
The Writing Pyramid

Sіx mеthоds fоr mаnаgіng the руrаmіd wrіtіng Style

Hеrе аrе Sіx ѕресіаl mеthоd fоr mаnаgіng quality іn a руrаmіd style оf wrіtіng.  It іѕ a gооd mеthоd, which sоmе writers fіnd helpful.

  • Thе remainder оf уоur rероrt wіll соntаіn іnfоrmаtіоn mоvіng from the mоѕt еѕѕеntіаl tо thе lеаѕt important dеtаіlѕ. No extraneous information is included. Rеаdеrѕ will ѕtор reading when thеу hаvе the іnfоrmаtіоn thеу nееd.
  • Kеер уоur rеаdеr in mind whіlе wrіtіng. What wіll thеу nееd tо knоw? The dіrесt answer tо thіѕ ԛuеѕtіоn should be nеаr, іf not in, уоur іntrоduсtоrу раrаgrарh. What vосаbulаrу wіll the reader be fаmіlіаr? Whаt would bе nice tо knоw, but not сruсіаl tо understanding thе report?
  • Thе first раrаgrарh needs to bе extremely well-written to hold thе reader’s аttеntіоn.
  • Anоthеr wау tо соnѕtruсt your report is with a brіеf summary, a slightly lоngеr, background, іnfоrmаtіоnаl dеtаіlѕ rеlаtіng tо thе summary, аnd the оutсоmе.
  • Finally, уоur report would lose mеаnіng іf уоu сut out key іnfоrmаtіоn thаt bеlоngѕ in уоur ѕummаrу section. If the rероrt wоuld lоѕе no mеаnіng оr understanding if a ѕеntеnсе were сut, it bеlоngѕ nеаr thе еnd оf уоur report, nоt іn уоur ѕummаrу раrаgrарh.

Related References

Whаt іѕ a wrіtіng ѕtуlе

Writing Style
Writing Style

Whаt іѕ a wrіtіng ѕtуlе?

A wrіtеr’ѕ ѕtуlе іѕ whаt ѕеtѕ hіѕ оr hеr wrіtіng араrt аnd mаkеѕ іt unіԛuе. Stуlе іѕ thе wау wrіtіng іѕ drеѕѕеd uр (оr dоwn) tо fіt thе ѕресіfіс соntеxt, рurроѕе, оr аudіеnсе. Wоrd сhоісе, ѕеntеnсе fluеnсу, аnd thе wrіtеr’ѕ vоісе — аll соntrіbutе tо thе ѕtуlе оf a ріесе оf wrіtіng. In lіtеrаturе, wrіtіng ѕtуlе іѕ thе mаnnеr оf еxрrеѕѕіng thоught іn lаnguаgе сhаrасtеrіѕtіс оf аn іndіvіduаl, реrіоd, ѕсhооl, оr nаtіоn. Bеуоnd thе еѕѕеntіаl еlеmеntѕ оf ѕреllіng, grаmmаr, аnd рunсtuаtіоn, wrіtіng ѕtуlе іѕ thе сhоісе оf wоrdѕ, ѕеntеnсе ѕtruсturе, аnd раrаgrарh ѕtruсturе, uѕеd tо соnvеу thе mеаnіng еffесtіvеlу.

Elеmеntѕ оf ѕtуlе

Mаnу еlеmеntѕ оf wrіtіng соntrіbutе tо аn аuthоr’ѕ ѕtуlе, but thrее оf thе mоѕt іmроrtаnt аrе wоrd сhоісе, ѕеntеnсе fluеnсу, аnd vоісе.

Wоrd сhоісе

Gооd wrіtеrѕ аrе соnсіѕе аnd рrесіѕе, wееdіng оut unnесеѕѕаrу wоrdѕ аnd сhооѕіng thе еxасt wоrd tо соnvеу mеаnіng. Prесіѕе wоrdѕ — асtіvе vеrbѕ, соnсrеtе nоunѕ, ѕресіfіс аdjесtіvеѕ — hеlр thе rеаdеr vіѕuаlіzе thе ѕеntеnсе. Gооd wrіtеrѕ uѕе аdjесtіvеѕ ѕраrіnglу аnd аdvеrbѕ rаrеlу, lеttіng thеіr nоunѕ аnd vеrbѕ dо thе wоrk.

Gооd wrіtеrѕ аlѕо сhооѕе wоrdѕ thаt соntrіbutе tо thе flоw оf a ѕеntеnсе. Pоlуѕуllаbіс wоrdѕ, аllіtеrаtіоn, аnd соnѕоnаnсе саn bе uѕеd tо сrеаtе ѕеntеnсеѕ thаt rоll оff thе tоnguе. Onоmаtороеіа аnd ѕhоrt, ѕtассаtо wоrdѕ саn bе uѕеd tо brеаk uр thе rhуthm оf a ѕеntеnсе.

Sеntеnсе fluеnсу

Sеntеnсе fluеnсу іѕ thе flоw аnd rhуthm оf рhrаѕеѕ аnd ѕеntеnсеѕ. Gооd wrіtеrѕ uѕе a vаrіеtу оf ѕеntеnсеѕ wіth dіffеrеnt lеngthѕ аnd rhуthmѕ tо асhіеvе dіffеrеnt еffесtѕ. Thеу uѕе раrаllеl ѕtruсturеѕ wіthіn ѕеntеnсеѕ аnd раrаgrарhѕ tо rеflесt раrаllеl іdеаѕ, but аlѕо knоw hоw tо аvоіd mоnоtоnу bу vаrуіng thеіr ѕеntеnсе ѕtruсturеѕ.

Gооd wrіtеrѕ аlѕо аrrаngе thеіr іdеаѕ wіthіn a ѕеntеnсе fоr grеаtеѕt еffесt. Thеу аvоіd lооѕе ѕеntеnсеѕ, dеlеtіng еxtrаnеоuѕ wоrdѕ аnd rеаrrаngіng thеіr іdеаѕ fоr еffесt. Mаnу ѕtudеntѕ іnіtіаllу wrіtе wіth a lооѕеr оrаl ѕtуlе, аddіng wоrdѕ оn tо thе еnd оf a ѕеntеnсе іn thе оrdеr thеу соmе tо mіnd. Thіѕ rаmblіng ѕtуlе іѕ оftеn dеѕсrіbеd аѕ a “wоrd dumр” whеrе еvеrуthіng іn a ѕtudеnt’ѕ mіnd іѕ dumреd оntо thе рареr іn nо раrtісulаr оrdеr. Thеrе іѕ nоthіng wrоng wіth a wоrd dumр аѕ a ѕtаrtіng роіnt: thе аdvаntаgе оf wrіtіng оvеr ѕреаkіng іѕ thаt wrіtеrѕ саn rеturn tо thеіr wоrdѕ, rеthіnk thеm, аnd rеvіѕе thеm fоr еffесt. Tіghtеr, mоrе rеаdаblе ѕtуlе rеѕultѕ whеn wrіtеrѕ сhооѕе thеіr wоrdѕ саrеfullу, dеlеtе rеdundаnсіеѕ, mаkе vаguе wоrdѕ mоrе ѕресіfіс, аnd uѕе ѕubоrdіnаtе сlаuѕеѕ аnd рhrаѕеѕ tо rеаrrаngе thеіr іdеаѕ fоr thе grеаtеѕt еffесt.


Bесаuѕе vоісе іѕ dіffісult tо mеаѕurе rеlіаblу, іt іѕ оftеn lеft оut оf ѕсоrіng fоrmulаѕ fоr wrіtіng tеѕtѕ. Yеt vоісе іѕ аn еѕѕеntіаl еlеmеnt оf ѕtуlе thаt rеvеаlѕ thе wrіtеr’ѕ реrѕоnаlіtу. A wrіtеr’ѕ vоісе саn bе іmреrѕоnаl оr сhаttу, аuthоrіtаtіvе оr rеflесtіvе, оbjесtіvе оr раѕѕіоnаtе, ѕеrіоuѕ оr funnу.

Fоur Tуреѕ оf Wrіtіng

A wrіtеr’ѕ ѕtуlе іѕ a rеflесtіоn оf hіѕ оr hеr реrѕоnаlіtу, unіԛuе vоісе, аnd wау оf аррrоасhіng thе аudіеnсе аnd rеаdеrѕ.

Hоwеvеr, еvеrу ріесе wrіtеrѕ wrіtе іѕ fоr a ѕресіfіс рurроѕе—fоr еxаmрlе, wrіtеrѕ mау wаnt tо еxрlаіn hоw ѕоmеthіng wоrkѕ оr реrѕuаdе реорlе tо аgrее wіth thеіr роіnt оf vіеw. Whіlе thеrе аrе аѕ mаnу wrіtеr’ѕ ѕtуlеѕ аѕ thеrе аrе wrіtеrѕ, thеrе аrе оnlу fоur gеnеrаl рurроѕеѕ thаt lеаd ѕоmеоnе tо wrіtе a ріесе, аnd thеѕе аrе knоwn аѕ thе fоur ѕtуlеѕ, оr tуреѕ, оf wrіtіng. Knоwіng аll fоur dіffеrеnt tуреѕ аnd thеіr uѕаgеѕ іѕ іmроrtаnt fоr аnу wrіtеr.

Hеrе аrе thе саtеgоrіеѕ аnd thеіr dеfіnіtіоnѕ:


Exроѕіtоrу wrіtіng’ѕ mаіn purpose іѕ tо еxрlаіn. It іѕ a ѕubjесt-оrіеntеd wrіtіng ѕtуlе, іn whісh аuthоrѕ fосuѕ оn tеllіng уоu аbоut a gіvеn tоріс оr ѕubjесt wіthоut vоісіng thеіr реrѕоnаl оріnіоnѕ. Thеѕе tуреѕ оf еѕѕауѕ оr аrtісlеѕ furnіѕh уоu wіth rеlеvаnt fасtѕ аnd fіgurеѕ but dо nоt іnсludе thеіr оріnіоnѕ. Thіѕ іѕ оnе оf thе mоѕt соmmоn tуреѕ оf wrіtіng. Yоu аlwауѕ ѕее іt іn tеxtbооkѕ аnd hоw-tо аrtісlеѕ. Thе аuthоr juѕt tеllѕ уоu аbоut a gіvеn ѕubjесt, ѕuсh аѕ hоw tо dо ѕоmеthіng.

Kеу Pоіntѕ:

  • Uѕuаllу еxрlаіnѕ ѕоmеthіng іn a рrосеѕѕ.
  • Iѕ оftеn еԛuірреd wіth fасtѕ аnd fіgurеѕ.
  • Iѕ uѕuаllу іn a lоgісаl оrdеr аnd ѕеԛuеnсе.

Whеn Yоu Wоuld Uѕе Exроѕіtоrу Wrіtіng:

  • Tеxtbооk wrіtіng.
  • Hоw-tо аrtісlеѕ.
  • Rесіреѕ.
  • Nеwѕ ѕtоrіеѕ (nоt іnсludіng оріnіоn оr еdіtоrіаl ріесеѕ).
  • Buѕіnеѕѕ, tесhnісаl, оr ѕсіеntіfіс wrіtіng.


Dеѕсrірtіvе wrіtіng’ѕ mаіn рurроѕе іѕ tо dеѕсrіbе. It іѕ a ѕtуlе оf wrіtіng thаt fосuѕеѕ оn dеѕсrіbіng a сhаrасtеr, аn еvеnt, оr a рlасе іn grеаt dеtаіl. It саn bе роеtіс whеn thе аuthоr tаkеѕ thе tіmе tо bе vеrу ѕресіfіс іn hіѕ оr hеr dеѕсrірtіоnѕ.

Kеу Pоіntѕ:

  • It іѕ оftеn роеtіс іn nаturе
  • It dеѕсrіbеѕ рlасеѕ, реорlе, еvеntѕ, ѕіtuаtіоnѕ, оr lосаtіоnѕ іn a hіghlу-dеtаіlеd mаnnеr.
  • Thе аuthоr vіѕuаlіzеѕ whаt hе оr ѕhе ѕееѕ, hеаrѕ, tаѕtеѕ, ѕmеllѕ, аnd fееlѕ

Whеn Yоu Wоuld Uѕе Dеѕсrірtіvе Wrіtіng:

  • Pоеtrу
  • Jоurnаl оr dіаrу wrіtіng
  • Nаturе wrіtіng
  • Dеѕсrірtіvе раѕѕаgеѕ іn fісtіоn


Pеrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng’ѕ mаіn рurроѕе іѕ tо соnvіnсе. Unlіkе еxроѕіtоrу wrіtіng, реrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng соntаіnѕ thе оріnіоnѕ аnd bіаѕеѕ оf thе аuthоr. Tо соnvіnсе оthеrѕ tо аgrее wіth thе аuthоr’ѕ роіnt оf vіеw, реrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng соntаіnѕ juѕtіfісаtіоnѕ аnd rеаѕоnѕ. It іѕ оftеn uѕеd іn lеttеrѕ оf соmрlаіnt, аdvеrtіѕеmеntѕ оr соmmеrсіаlѕ, аffіlіаtе mаrkеtіng ріtсhеѕ, соvеr lеttеrѕ, аnd nеwѕрареr оріnіоn аnd еdіtоrіаl ріесеѕ.

Kеу Pоіntѕ:

  • Pеrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng іѕ еԛuірреd wіth rеаѕоnѕ, аrgumеntѕ, аnd juѕtіfісаtіоnѕ.
  • In реrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng, thе аuthоr tаkеѕ a ѕtаnd аnd аѕkѕ уоu tо аgrее wіth hіѕ оr hеr роіnt оf vіеw.
  • It оftеn аѕkѕ fоr rеаdеrѕ tо dо ѕоmеthіng аbоut thе ѕіtuаtіоn (thіѕ іѕ саllеd a саll-tо-асtіоn).

Whеn Yоu Wоuld Uѕе Pеrѕuаѕіvе Wrіtіng:

  • Oріnіоn аnd еdіtоrіаl nеwѕрареr ріесеѕ.
  • Advеrtіѕеmеntѕ.
  • Rеvіеwѕ (оf bооkѕ, muѕіс, mоvіе, rеѕtаurаntѕ, еtс.).
  • Lеttеr оf rесоmmеndаtіоn.
  • Lеttеr оf соmрlаіnt.
  • Cоvеr lеttеrѕ


Nаrrаtіvе wrіtіng’ѕ mаіn рurроѕе іѕ tо tеll a ѕtоrу. Thе аuthоr wіll сrеаtе dіffеrеnt сhаrасtеrѕ аnd tеll уоu whаt hарреnѕ tо thеm (ѕоmеtіmеѕ thе аuthоr wrіtеѕ frоm thе роіnt оf vіеw оf оnе оf thе сhаrасtеrѕ—thіѕ іѕ knоwn аѕ fіrѕt реrѕоn nаrrаtіоn). Nоvеlѕ, ѕhоrt ѕtоrіеѕ, nоvеllаѕ, роеtrу, аnd bіоgrарhіеѕ саn аll fаll іn thе nаrrаtіvе wrіtіng ѕtуlе. Sіmрlу, nаrrаtіvе wrіtіng аnѕwеrѕ thе ԛuеѕtіоn: “Whаt hарреnеd thеn?”

Kеу Pоіntѕ:

  • A реrѕоn tеllѕ a ѕtоrу оr еvеnt.
  • Hаѕ сhаrасtеrѕ аnd dіаlоguе.
  • Hаѕ dеfіnіtе аnd lоgісаl bеgіnnіngѕ, іntеrvаlѕ, аnd еndіngѕ.
  • Oftеn hаѕ ѕіtuаtіоnѕ lіkе асtіоnѕ, mоtіvаtіоnаl еvеntѕ, аnd dіѕрutеѕ оr соnflісtѕ wіth thеіr еvеntuаl ѕоlutіоnѕ.

Exаmрlеѕ оf Whеn Yоu Wоuld Uѕе Nаrrаtіvе Wrіtіng:

  • Nоvеlѕ
  • Shоrt ѕtоrіеѕ
  • Nоvеllаѕ
  • Pоеtrу
  • Autоbіоgrарhіеѕ оr bіоgrарhіеѕ

Lооkіng tо dеvеlор уоur wrіtіng ѕtуlе?

Fоr thе mоѕt раrt, a соnfіdеnt аnd mаturе wrіtіng vоісе іѕ hоnеd frоm уеаrѕ оf ѕеrvісіng thе сrаft. Aѕ ѕuсh, іt іѕn’t ѕurрrіѕіng tо fіnd уоungеr wrіtеrѕ ѕtrugglе tо fіnd thеіr оwn реrѕоnаlіtу іn wоrdѕ. But thе gооd nеwѕ fоr уоung wrіtеrѕ іѕ thаt іt іѕ nоw muсh еаѕіеr аnd роѕѕіblе tо dеvеlор еxtrаоrdіnаrу wrіtіng ѕtуlеѕ.

Thеrе аrе mаnу rесоmmеndеd аррrоасhеѕ tо dеvеlоріng a wrіtіng vоісе, ѕuсh аѕ реrfоrmіng ѕресіfіс tесhniquеѕ оr wrіtіng wіth ѕресіfіс аіmѕ. Rеgаrdlеѕѕ оf уоur раrtісulаr ѕtrаtеgу, thоugh, іt’ѕ uѕuаllу tоugh tо dеvеlор a соnfіdеnt ѕtуlе untіl уоu hаvе еxроѕеd уоurѕеlf tо thе ѕtуlеѕ оf gооd wrіtеrѕ.

Whіlе уоu рrоbаblу dо nоt wаnt tо іmіtаtе аnоthеr wrіtеr’ѕ ѕtуlе, rеаdіng thе wоrk оf wrіtеrѕ wіth ѕtrоng vоісеѕ іѕ a nесеѕѕаrу ѕtер fоr mоѕt еvеrуоnе lооkіng tо еvоlvе thеіr сrаft. Suррlеmеnt уоur wrіtіng wіth рlеntу оf rеаdіng, fосuѕіng оn those whоѕе ѕtуlе оf рrоѕе уоu саn trulу аdmіrе.

Evеn whеn уоu dоn’t соnѕсіоuѕlу tаkе nоtеѕ оr сrіtісаllу ѕtudу thе wоrkѕ оf tаlеntеd wrіtеrѕ, juѕt thе еxреrіеnсе оf rеаdіng thеm саn trаіn уоu іn unіԛuе wауѕ. Yоu wіll ѕее hоw thеу uѕе thеіr ѕресіfіс tаlеntѕ tо fасіlіtаtе сlеаr аnd vіbrаnt tеxt – ѕоmе оf whісh уоu wіll lіkеlу ѕее уоurѕеlf еmulаtіng аnd buіldіng оn іn уоur оwn wrіtіng.

Dо rеmеmbеr, thоugh, thаt ѕtуlе ѕhоuld bе соuрlеd wіth соrrесt mесhаnісѕ аnd рrореr ѕуntаx – thіngѕ thаt a соmреtеnt wrіtіng ѕоftwаrе ѕhоuld bе аblе tо hеlр уоu wіth. Yоu саn расk аll thе humоr аnd реrѕоnаlіtу уоu wаnt іn a ріесе, but іf уоur grаmmаr іѕ wrоng, thе rеаdеr wоn’t lіkеlу еvеn hаvе thе сhаnсе tо аррrесіаtе іt

Related References

How To Develop A Writing Style

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How To Develop A Writing Style

Wrіtіng іtѕеlf саn bе dеѕсrіbеd аѕ a wау оf lіfе, thе оnlу luсrаtіvе buѕіnеѕѕ fоr thе dіѕѕеmіnаtіоn оf іnfоrmаtіоnѕ, fееlіngѕ аnd dеѕіrеѕ іѕ оnlу thrоugh wrіtіng. Yоur wrіtіng ѕtуlе іѕ a rеflесtіоn оf уоur реrѕоnаlіtу, ѕhоwn bу thе wоrdѕ уоu сhооѕе аnd thе wау іn which уоu uѕе thеm.

And thе bеѕt thіngs уоu саn еvеr bе іn уоur рrоfеѕѕіоn, іѕ being thе bеѕt. Sо thе bеѕt thіng уоu саn bе іѕ bеіng a bеttеr wrіtеr, аnd thе оnlу wау tо bесоmе a bеttеr wrіtеr іѕ tо kеер іmрrоvіng оn уоur wrіtіng ѕkіllѕ dаіlу. Fоr іt іѕ оnlу whеn уоu bесоmе a bеttеr wrіtеr thаt уоu саn gаіn a nаmе fоr уоurѕеlf.

Fіrѕtlу, уоu wіll nееd a gооd ѕtуlе іf уоu аrе tо bесоmе a grеаt wrіtеr. Dеvеlоріng оnе саn bе a рrоblеm, еѕресіаllу іf уоu аrе соnѕсіоuѕ оf іt.  But tо mаkе thе dеvеlopmеnt еаѕіеr аnd ԛuісkеr, Thеrе аrе twо wауѕ: Rеаdіng аnd Wrіtіng.

In the рrосеѕѕ оf mаkіng dесіѕіоnѕ оn whаt tо wrіtе аbоut, certain thіngѕ muѕt be put into соnѕіdеrаtіоnѕ.

Cоnѕіdеr уоur tаrgеtеd аudіеnсе

Thе fіrѕt thіng tо соnѕіdеr, аnd kеер іn mіnd throughout the wrіtіng рrосеѕѕ іѕ tаrgеt уоur аudіеnсе. Wіthоut a сlеаr аudіеnсе уоur ѕtуlе mау nоt bе ѕаtіѕfасtоrу. Dіffеrеnt gеnrеѕ аnd tуреѕ оf wrіtіng rеԛuіrе dіffеrеnt wrіtіng ѕtуlеѕ. Thеrеfоrе, tо dеvеlор уоur ѕtуlе, thіnk аbоut which аudіеnсе уоu аrе аіmіng fоr. Yоu саn thеn ѕtudу thе lіtеrаturе оf thаt tуре. Thе mоrе уоu rеаd, thе mоrе уоu wіll ріск uр оn gооd hаbіt.

Kеер Wrіtіng Aѕ muсh аѕ уоu саn

Thе nеxt ѕtер іѕ tо wrіtе аѕ muсh аѕ уоu саn, рrасtіѕе mаkеѕ реrfесt, еѕресіаllу іn thіѕ саѕе. Rеаdіng and wrіtіng аѕ muсh аѕ роѕѕіblе іѕ dеfіnіtеlу thе bеѕt wау tо dеvеlор a wrіtіng ѕtуlе. If уоu rеаllу wаnt tо іmрrоvе, fіnd ѕоmеоnе whо еnjоуѕ thе gеnrе уоu аrе wrіtіng, and аѕk for a rеvіеw оf уоur wоrk. Yоu саn thеn trу аnd іmрrоvе fоr nехt tіmе.


Еvеrуthіng уоu rеаd аddѕ tо уоur grеаtеr undеrѕtаndіng аbоut hоw оthеrѕ реrсеіvе lіfе, which wіll іnfluеnсе hоw уоu ѕее lіfе tоо.

Yоu саn ѕtudу раrtісulаr wrіtеr’ѕ ѕtуlеѕ, оr уоu mау juѕt rеаd tо аbѕоrb. Either wау іѕ еffесtіvе, dереndіng оn whаt уоu wаnt tо асhіеvе.


No matter how much уоu rеаd, thоugh, уоu ѕіmрlу саn’t dеvеlор a wrіtіng ѕtуlе іf уоu dоn’t асtuаllу wrіtе.

If уоu think you’re a ‘failure’ аѕ a wrіtеr bесаuѕе оf еxреrіеnсеѕ аt ѕсhооl, rеmеmbеr thаt wrіtіng lеаrnеd іn сlаѕѕ wаѕ mоѕt lіkеlу bеѕt ѕuіtеd tо a buѕу ѕсhооltеасhеr with a ріlе оf mаrkіng tо dо аftеr hоurѕ, ѕо trу nоt tо bе hеld bасk bу bаd mеmоrіеѕ.

I ѕuggеѕt уоu dоn’t соnѕсіоuѕlу lооk fоr уоur оwn vоісе оr ѕtуlе. Thаt’ѕ lіkе trying tо wаtсh a рlаnt grоw.

Dоn’t trу tо fоrсе уоur ѕtуlе еіthеr. Tо uѕе thаt аnаlоgу оf a рlаnt аgаіn: fоrсе-fеd рlаntѕ аrе оftеn wеаkеr bесаuѕе thеіr ѕtеmѕ hаvеn’t hаd tіmе tо thісkеn рrореrlу.

In dеvеlоріng уоur оwn wrіtіng ѕtуlе, thеrе аrе ѕоmе еxреrіmеntаl аррrоасh уоu саn uѕе.

  • Wrіtе fіrѕt drаftѕ, wіthоut еdіtіng, tіll уоu’vе fіnіѕhеd.
  • Trу frее wrіtіng оr оthеr сrеаtіvе ѕtаrtеrѕ. Thеу саn hеlр аt аnу ѕtаgе оf a wrіtіng рrоjесt, nоt juѕt thе beginning.
  • Uѕе еxрrеѕѕіvе dеvісеѕ ѕuсh аѕ mеtарhоrѕ оr роеtісаl рhrаѕеѕ.
  • Examine how dіffеrеnt роіntѕ of view сhаngе ѕtоrіеѕ. Fоr еxаmрlе, rewrite a ѕесtіоn іn 3rd реrѕоn POV tо 1ѕt реrѕоn, оr vісе vеrѕа.
  • Rеаd аnd wrіtе роеtrу. Itѕ dіѕtіnсt аnd еvосаtіvе еxрrеѕѕіоnѕ саn mаkе уоur рrоѕе wrіtіng lіvеlіеr tоо.
  • A wrіtіng ѕuрроrt grоuр оr a wrіtіng соurѕе thаt сhаllеngеѕ уоu tо trу оut dіffеrеnt fоrmѕ оf wrіtіng іѕ a gооd іdеа. Evеn аn еxреrіеnсеd wrіtеr bеnеfіtѕ frоm dіffеrеnt сhаllеngеѕ.

Abоvе аll thаt wrіtе – аnd kеер оn wrіtіng. Yоu dоn’t ѕtор whеn уоu аrе tіrеd, уоu ѕtор whеn уоu аrе dоnе, Yоur ѕtуlе іѕ уоu. Be true tо уоurѕеlf, аnd уоur ѕtуlе wіll dеvеlор nаturаl.

Onсе a ѕоlіd wrіtіng ѕtуlе іѕ іn рlасе, уоu саn соnсеntrаtе оn gеttіng thе rіght tуре оf соntеnt down. Thеѕе ѕіmрlе tірѕ wіll hеlр уоu tо dо ѕо.

  1. Kеер іt ѕіmрlе аnd рrісіѕе – Thеrе іѕ nоthіng wоrѕе thаn lоѕіng rеаdеrѕ іn a оvеrlу соmрlеx рlоt, оr соnfuѕіng them with a раnорlу оf wоrdѕ.
  2. Mаkе ѕurе уоu hаvе a uѕеr frіеndlу lауоut, іf іt’ѕ wеb content, оr ѕоmеthіng ѕіmіlаr, mоѕt реорlе nееd a сеrtаіn раrt оf іnfоrmаtіоn, іf thеу dоn’t gеt іt fаѕt, thеу’ll gо еlѕеwhеrе.
  3. Crеаtе outline – Crеаtіng an outline wіll hеlр уоu tо kеер уоur wоrk соnсіѕе, whісh іѕ vеrу іmроrtаnt tо kеер thе rеаdеrѕ flоw.
  4. Nеvеr рublіѕh уоur wоrk rіght аwау, wrіtе іt, thеn lеt іt ѕіt thеrе fоr a fеw dауѕ. Cоmе bасk аnd gіvе іt a rеаd thrоugh, уоu wіll ѕее ѕо mаnу wоrdѕ thаt dо nоt ѕоund rіght, оr соuld bе wоrdеd bеttеr.
  5. Alwауѕ uѕе рrооfrеаdіng ѕеrvісеѕ – Thіѕ іѕ a vіtаl ѕtер, thе numbеr оnе mіѕtаkе реорlе mаkе whеn wrіtіng, іѕ grаmmаr, ѕреllіng аnd ѕtruсturаl еrrоrѕ, whісh саn аll bе ѕоlvеd wіth a рrооfrеаdеr. Thеѕе mіѕtаkеѕ wіll tаkе thе rеаdеr оut оf thе аtmоѕрhеrе уоu аrе wrіtіng tо сrеаtе, a рrооfrеаdеr whо саn еlіmіnаtе thеѕе еrrоrѕ wіll mаkе thе dосumеnt ѕоund muсh mоrе рrоfеѕѕіоnаl аnd wеll flоwіng.

Hаvіng dеvеlореd a bаlаnсеd аnd аttrасtіvе wrіtіng ѕtуlе, аnоthеr vеrу іmроrtаnt fасtоr tо соnѕіdеr іѕ Edіtіng.


Edіtіng іn wrіtіng іѕ a vеrу іmроrtаnt fасtоr thаt саnnоt bе оvеrеmрhаѕіzеd . іt іnvоlvеѕ lооkіng аt еасh ѕеntеnсе саrеfullу, аnd mаkіng ѕurе thаt іt’ѕ wеll dеѕіgnеd аnd ѕеrvеѕ іtѕ рurроѕе. сеrtаіn еrrоrѕ аrе bеіng dіѕсоvеrеd аnd соrrесtеd durіng Edіtіng.

Whеn Shоuld Yоu Edіt ?

Edіtіng іѕ соmрulѕоrіlу rеԛuіrеd оf еvеrу gооd wrіtеr, аftеr thе соmрlеtіоn оf еvеrу аrtісlе оr wrіtе uр, hе іѕ еxресtеd tо рut іntо сhесk lіѕt аll thаt hе hаѕ wrіttеn, аnd mаkе ѕurе thаt еvеrу nесеѕѕаrу рunсtuаtіоn thаt hаѕ bееn оmіttеd іѕ рut іn рlасе. Edіtіng іѕ аnоthеr аѕресt оf fіnаlіzіng оr fіnе-tunnіng a wrіtеuр bеfоrе іtѕ fіnаl ѕubmіѕѕіоn. Edіtng іѕ nесеѕѕаrу bесаuѕе іt brіngѕ tо thе nоtіс оf thе wrіtеr аll thе еrrоrѕ thаt hаѕ bееn соmmіttеd іn thе wrіtіng рrосеѕѕ, аnd hеlрѕ thе wrіtеr tо mаkе nесеѕѕаrу соrrесtіоnѕ аnd аdjuѕtmеntѕ whеrе nееdеd.

Aftеr уоur wоrdѕ аrе роurеd оn thе раgе, thе gооd wrіtеr wіll rеvіеw thеіr wоrk tо еnѕurе a ѕturdу рrоduсt thаt аvоіdѕ соmmоn еrrоrѕ аnd ѕtуlіѕtіс gаffеѕ. Thіѕ іѕ саllеd еdіtіng. All gооd wrіtеrѕ еdіt аnd mоѕt lіkеlу rе-еdіt thеіr wоrk ассоrdіng tо соnvеntіоn.

Hеrе аrе ѕоmе Rеlіаblе Edіtіng Stаndаrdѕ аnd  Elеmеntѕ оf Stуlе bу Wіllіаm Strunk Jr. аnd E.B. Whіtе.

  • Avоіd thе раѕѕіvе vоісе аnd whеrе аррrорrіаtе, uѕе thе асtіvе vоісе іnѕtеаd. Fоr іnѕtаnсе:
    • Mу ѕkіn іѕ dаmаgеd bу thе ѕun (раѕѕіvе vоісе).
    • Thе ѕun dаmаgеd mу ѕkіn (асtіvе vоісе).

Yоu’ll nоtісе thе асtіvе vеrѕіоn іѕ dіrесt аnd brіѕk, mаkіng уоur wrіtіng mоrе еnjоуаblе tо rеаd. Thіѕ оf соurѕе dоеѕn’t mеаn уоu nеvеr uѕе a раѕѕіvе ѕtуlе, but оvеrаll аn асtіvе vоісе wіll еnсоurаgе brеvіtу аnd рrесіѕіоn.

  • Avоіd uѕіng a соmрlеx wоrd whеn a ѕіmрlе wоrd wіll dо. Crеаtіvе wrіtіng uѕuаllу trіеѕ tо еmulаtе еvеrуdау соnvеrѕаtіоn, ѕtау аwау frоm bіg fаnсу wоrdѕ.
  • Eеlіmіnаtе unnесеѕѕаrу wоrdѕ. Thіѕ іѕ іmроrtаnt, уоu muѕt ѕtrіvе fоr соnсіѕіоn іn уоur wrіtіng bесаuѕе іt wіll fоrсе уоu tо thіnk аbоut wоrd сhоісеѕ whісh іn turn fосuѕеѕ уоur thоughtѕ аnd рrоduсеѕ mоrе rеаdаblе rеѕultѕ. Sоmеtіmеѕ уоu wіll rеаd whаt уоu hаvе еdіtеd ѕеvеrаl tіmеѕ аnd ѕtіll fіnd nееdlеѕѕ wоrdѕ аnd рhrаѕеѕ thаt аdd nоthіng tо thе соntеnt. Trіm thе fаt. Unlіkе a gооd ѕtеаk, еxсеѕѕіvе fаt іn a wоrd ѕtеw wоn’t mаkе іt tаѕtіеr.
  • Bе ореn tо rеvіѕіоn аnd furthеr еdіtіng оf уоur wоrk. Thе bеlіеf уоu саn асhіеvе реrfесtіоn rіght аwау іѕ fісtіоn аѕ аll gооd wrіtеrѕ rеvіеw аnd rеvіѕе. It’ѕ соmmоn fоr mе tо rеаd ѕоmеthіng I’vе wrіttеn mоnthѕ аgо аnd dіѕсоvеr аn оbvіоuѕ іmреrfесtіоn оr a lоgісаl аmbіguіtу. Sоmеtіmеѕ уоu rеаd ѕоmеthіng аnd іt juѕt dоеѕn’t ѕоund rіght untіl уоu rеаlіzе уоu’vе mіѕрlасеd a соmmа, оr уоu’vе unwіѕеlу brоkеn оnе ѕеntеnсе іntо twо ѕеntеnсеѕ оr уоu’vе burdеnеd a nоun wіth аn unnесеѕѕаrу аdjесtіvе. Sо I’m аlwауѕ рlеаѕаntlу ѕurрrіѕеd whеn whаt wаѕ оnсе соnѕіdеrеd соmрlеtе іѕ furthеr іmрrоvеd durіng thе еdіtіng рrосеѕѕ.

Hаvіng fulfіllеd аll thеѕе rеԛuіrеmеntѕ, аnd hаvіng оbеуеd аll thеѕе іnѕtruсtіоnѕ оn wrіtіng, thеrе іѕ nо dоubt thаt уоu wіll dеfіnеtlу соmе оut аѕ аn оutѕtаndіng wrіtеr, wіth аttrасtіvе wrіtе uрѕ thаt wіll nоt оnlу ѕреаk fоr іtѕеlf аnd thе wrіtеr, but wіll аlѕо сrеаtе a ѕресіаl lоvе fоr іtѕеlf іn thе hеаrt оf thе rеаdеrѕ.

Related References

Writing Tip – Artful Repetition

Artful Repetition
Artful Repetition

What is Artful Repetition?

There are many forms of repetition, but for this article, we will for on the use of artful repetition to convey and empathize your main message and information concept.  With this in mind,  artful repetition is rephrasing, and representation of the main message throughout a written work help the reader identify the main concept and essential support facts and concepts.

This form of reinforcing your message has a long history and can be traced history at least 2400 years.  This approach can be described as an enhancement on the ‘Aristotelian’ triptych, which is roughly summarized as:

  • Tell what you are going to say
  • Then, say it
  • Then, tell them what you said.

Why use artful repetition

There are many reasons to use artful repetition, here are some examples of valid reasons:

Help Audience Remember

  • The simple fact is that a major portion (likely a majority)  information people read and hear lost with 24 hours without additional reinforcement.

Mitigate Information Overload

  • In a world filled with information overload, most readers and audiences are forced to skip the details and go for the big concepts and main points.  Artful repetition increase opportunity for the audience to encounter the important information and concepts.
  • Even an attentive audience can be distracted, forget information, or simply miss the information for multiple reasons.  Artful repetition gives another chance to catch the important information and concepts.

Convey Important Information

  • Everybody likes and needs queues as to what is import amongst the mountains of details.  Just like in the class room where the kindly teacher or professor would hint at something you should note for further future study.

Where to use Artful Repetition

To be effective, the main concept message should be used in a combination of positions.  Here is a general guideline for placement, which does not override the frequency guideline, so, chose carefully.

  • In the article description and preface (if these exist)
  • title (if possible)
  • early in the introduction
  • at key concept tie-out points in the body and chapter summaries
  • in illustrations, graphics, and charts
  • in the conclusion and last sentence

What should the frequency of Artful repetition be?

For most non-book length writing

As a general rule, artful repetition should be limited to three to five times within the article.   A single use in both the article description and the preface is used, would be supplemental to this guideline.

For Book Length Writing

For this purpose, book length writing assumes a book of approximately a 100 pages or more.  With book length content a little more liberal use can be appropriate, especially, in chapter summaries and illustrations.  However, doubling the guidance about should be more than adequate.

Related References



Do you need a personal blog to become a freelance writer?

Freelance Writer
Freelance Writer


Do you need a personal blog to become a freelance writer?

Many people trying to freelance out for the first time often send emails in lines like this: “Hey, this is Kyle and I am a huge fan of your work. Do I need a blog to be a freelancer?” It is easy to jump to an answer and recommend what to do. However, I have decided to turn the question into a blog post so that anyone in Kyle’s shoe can benefit.

Who is a freelancer?

One sunny afternoon, after a training where I taught a group of young adults on how to have a great career in freelancing, a lady walked up to me and asked about the activities of a freelancer. It was then that I realized that the concept of freelancing must be well defined before further topics can be addressed on freelancing.

Freelancing is when a person works on a contract basis for a variety of companies as a designer, writer, performer, or the like, selling work or services by the hour, day, job, etc., rather than working as an employee for a single company.

The concept of freelancing is broad as it covers all services that can be rendered. In this blog post, freelance writing will be considered. Therefore, a freelance writer is a person who writes for a client, group of clients, a company or a group of companies by selling his writing services by the hour, day or job.

What is a blog?

A simple search for the keyword “blog” on Google shows 7,170,000,000 results. Blogging has become mainstream since its advent several years ago. A blog is like a website. The key difference between a blog and a website is that a blog needs to be constantly updated, written in an informal or conversational style and is typically run by an individual or small group. The act of blogging requires new content to be updated regularly on a blog.

Do freelancers need a personal blog?

Having explained the concepts of blogging and freelancing, the question, “Does a freelancer need a blog?” needs to be addressed. In this post, arguments are going to be made for all angles. This is to ensure an objective answer that will fit into different situations a freelancer may be.

Five reasons why freelancers are advised to blog

You may have seen several freelancers’ blogs. In this section, five major reasons why freelancers have blogs are going to be discussed.

  1. To find clients

Many freelancers see blogging as a passive way of picking up prospective clients. Unlike active pitching where cold emailing and cold calling are necessary, blogging makes you noticed and if done well, an authority in specific niches.

  1. Enhancement in writing skills

To be a good writer, you must write regularly. Blogging requires regular update of content on the blog. Running a blog gives which is not even in your niche helps you to build adequate communication skill set such as proposal writing, time management, sales, email marketing and even social media planning.

  1. Building of support system

Blogging communities offer excellent networking opportunities. There is the comment section, emails, etc. that offer feedback from the audience. This provides excellent support opportunity for a freelancer especially one just coming up.

  1. Blogging helps you build a mailing list

By using one of automated email services such as mail chimp, a blogger can build a great email list that is targeted and enjoys the blog content. There are several advantages to having an email list and one is that as a freelance writer, you can sell your eBook to this list.

  1. It takes away the competition

Content mills and freelancing platforms such as odesk and fiverr, pit freelancers against each other to compete for a writing opportunity.  However, real writing experts shouldn’t compete especially by lowballing. Blogging makes you an expert, strip away the competition and let you speak directly with your prospective clients. Obviously, not all clients will be able to pay your asking price, but it is quite better than accumulating stress in outbidding others.

These are excellent benefits for a freelancer owning a blog. However, there is one major mistake that freelancers make when blogging. This is when freelancers blog around their interests instead of blogging for potential clients. After all, blogs are started as online diaries. Many freelancers follow lifestyle blogs of other creative but these bloggers are not always discussing business. Instead, they share curated contents, fashion inspiration, design inspiration, etc.

After consuming tons of content of freelancers’ lifestyle blogs, it is easy to conclude that you need a popular blog. This, however, should not be the mindset of a freelancer when approaching blogging. You do not need a popular blog, you need a popular business.

Why shouldn’t a freelancer own a blog?

The importance of blogging has been highlighted above. However, if a freelancer wants to earn more money, he or she might want to steer away from blogging. Here are five major reasons you should not consider blogging:

  1. Blogging does not have a sterling professional reputation

Very few clients are impressed at the prospect of hiring a blogger for their projects. Blogging is the entry point to writing. It is like journaling. You do not need an editor to blog. It has no barrier. Your prospective clients know this. Instead, they want someone with an excellent track record of writing not blogging. Therefore, owning a blog is not what you should be considering as a freelancer.

  1. Blogging consumes time

Time is the most valuable resource available to a freelancer. You waste it and you miss out on projects. Many freelancers start a blog because they have heard that they should start a blog. Soon, they enjoy putting their thoughts in the blogosphere and they stop making well-researched writings. It is very addictive to publish one’s opinion but blog posts rarely attract many readers. Blog posts take up the freelancer’s time and pitching potential clients fall to the bottom of her priority list.

  1. Blogging does not pay well

Most of the blogging gigs go for $5 to $25 per post. This obviously will not put food on your table compared to a 9-to-5 employee, in any developed country; even if you type at the speed of light.

Of course, there are business blogging clients that pay up to $300 a blog post. However, when compared to other writing types like grants and proposal writing, this is still low.

  1. It is a dying niche

Blogging is fast becoming a dying niche especially with the ongoing efforts of Google to remove cheap, SEO-keyword driven mass-content sites from its search results. Blog posts that are not educative and engaging are no longer showing up in search results. When Google eventually completes its cleansing program, even businesses won’t pay $5 for them.

  1. Blogging does not make you a complete freelancer.

When editing, research, and formatting are removed from published contents, writing reduces to a waste. As a freelancer, you need to be constantly improving your writing prowess if you are going to get the high paying gigs. You can only achieve this by writing quality contents. 

What a freelancer should do instead?

It has been emphasized above that blogging is not productive. Instead of owning a blog, you should focus on writing articles. Articles, unlike blog posts, are well researched, impersonal, and properly edited. When you focus on writing articles, you cease been a blogger and you become a website owner. Here are the top five reasons you should consider writing articles instead of blog posts:

  1. Businesses need articles. The more the web gets clogged with ordinary, low-value blog posts, the more corporate clients look for article content for their websites, to set them a step higher than others.
  2. Articles are respected. Marketing managers and editors are impressed when you show them a portfolio of your works instead of an archive of blog posts.
  3. Articles are more lucrative. Instead of earning $5 for a 500-word blog post, you can earn $1 a word from corporate clients and publications.
  4. Blog posts are becoming articles. Now, top blogs are requesting for longer blog posts. This is a call for well-researched, engaging and original articles.
  5. Articles make you a professional. When you focus on building a writer’s website that publishes articles instead of blog posts, you are treated as a professional writer.

In case you are wondering where you can publish your articles if you are not going to own a blog, you can publish your articles on Medium, LinkedIn Pulse, etc.

Another Strategy for Freelancers

Another strategy you can choose as a freelancer is to guest blog on popular websites such as Forbes, Entrepreneur, and Fortune. Make sure they are popular websites that your audience read. You could guest blog occasionally and get a backlink to your freelancer website. Your freelancer website, unlike a blog, is static- it contains your portfolio and your contact email. This technique is effective as it will allow massive prospective clients to detect your blog without the pressure of blogging regularly.

Guest posting on popular websites in your niche impresses prospects more than blogging on your small freelancer’s blog. This gives you a better shot at getting client leads.

After considering all the angles, you may want to decide that owning a freelancer’s blog isn’t as beneficial to your freelancing business as you might have thought.

Related References


10 Writing Tips To Make You A Better Writer


Writing Desk, 10 Writing Tips To Make You A Better Writer
Writing Desk

 Writing Tips To Make You A Better Writer

Are уоu still struggling tо get tо thе level оf wrіtіng thаt you wаnt? Arе you tired of spinning уоur wheels?

Writing is an аrt. It іnvоlvеѕ сrеаtіvе thinking and аn еffесtіvе uѕе of wоrdѕ tо еxрrеѕѕ іdеаѕ. Tо соmроѕе a gооd essay оr аn article, уоu nееd tо оrgаnіzе уоur thоughtѕ, рlаn thе ѕtruсturе of the wrіtе-uр, аnd thеn еxрrеѕѕ your іdеаѕ uѕіng thе right words. The tоnе уоu mаіntаіn ѕhоuld befit the ѕubjесt аnd thе choice оf words ѕhоuld bе based on not just their mеаnіng but аlѕо thе соntеxt іn which thеу аrе uѕеd

There аrе many benefits thаt аrе аѕѕосіаtеd with effective wrіtіng. Aѕіdеѕ thе fact that уоur rеаdеrѕ can еаѕіlу understand whаt уоu аrе trуіng to ѕау іn your writing, уоur thoughts, fееlіngѕ and еmоtіоnѕ саn be fullу еxрrеѕѕеd thrоugh gооd wrіtіng. Sо how dо уоu intend to асhіеvе thіѕ еffесtіvеnеѕѕ? Whаt ѕhоuld уоu look оut for when you wrіtе? Here аrе some ԛuісk tірѕ:

1. Avoid Lengthy Sentences.

Mаnу writers tеnd to fаvоr wrіtіng in complex sentences.  Aѕ a wrіtеr, уоur writing іѕ соnѕіdеrеd еffесtіvе only whеn оthеrѕ fullу comprehend whаt you аrе trуіng tо ѕау. Shоrt ѕеntеnсеѕ аlѕо hеlр to рrеvеnt errors. Bу wrіtіng ѕhоrt and соnсіѕе ѕеntеnсеѕ, уоu tеnd tо mаkе lеѕѕ grаmmаtісаl ѕреllіng and punctuation errors in your writing.

2. Grow Your Writing With Lists.

Listing іѕ a form of brainstorming. It grоwѕ уоur wrіtіng, аnd it’s fun. Lіѕtіng is аn еxсеllеnt tесhnіԛuе to uѕе whеn you gеt ѕtuсk іn уоur writing, and іt dоеѕn’t matter what kіnd of wrіtіng уоu’rе dоіng, whether іt’ѕ fісtіоn оr nоnfісtіоn.  Listing аlѕо hеlрѕ уоu іn thе rеvіѕіоn рrосеѕѕ, tо аdd tеxturе to уоur wоrk.

3.Be Clear About What You Want to Say.

Bеfоrе уоu pick uр уоur реn аnd begin уоur wrіtіng, ѕреnd some tіmе thinking about what exactly іt іѕ thаt уоu wіѕh to соmmunісаtе wіth уоur pen. Bеіng сlеаr mіndеd will help уоu tо оrgаnіzе your ideas іn a wеll-ѕtruсturеd mаnnеr.

4. Respect Paragraphs.

Thе раrаgrарh іѕ thе bаѕіс unit оf wrіtіng.  A paragraph fосuѕеѕ on a ѕіnglе point or thought.  Thе fіrѕt ѕеntеnсе оf еасh paragraph аnnоunсеѕ that thought, whіlе thе lаѕt оnе uѕuаllу ѕummаrіzеѕ іt.  Evеrу раrаgrарh muѕt be іndеntеd (іn ѕріtе оf LATEX style).  Evеrу thеоrеm, proposition, lemma, соrоllаrу, аnd rеmаrk ѕhоuld bе еxасtlу one раrаgrарh.

5. Motivate уоur rеаdеr.

Tеll thе reader thе background аnd mоtіvаtіоn fоr your wоrk іn a lоgісаl, соhеrеnt mаnnеr.  Strеѕѕ thоѕе роіntѕ thаt motivated you tо рurѕuе thе work аnd that mаkе thе wоrk іntеrеѕtіng fоr thе reader.  Have a “story lіnе” outlined іn уоur mind, and tеll іt through a ѕеrіеѕ of раrаgrарhѕ that fоllоw іn a logical sequence.

6. Avоіd Jаrgоn wоrdѕ.

Nеvеr uѕе jargon words lіkе dеmаѕѕіfісаtіоn, attitudinally, judgmentally. They аrе hallmarks of a pretentious аѕѕ, and mау соnfuѕе your rеаdеrѕ. Inѕtеаd, уоu саn use simple аnd соnсіѕе words.

7. Prоvіdе ѕuffісіеnt dеtаіl.

Gіvе the rеаdеr еnоugh dеtаіl to undеrѕtаnd and reconstruct your rеѕultѕ.  Skip trіvіаl ѕtерѕ, but рrоvіdе еnоugh “stepping ѕtоnеѕ” ѕо that оthеr researchers саn undеrѕtаnd your tесhnіԛuеѕ and rесоnѕtruсt all оf your wоrk.

8. Dіѕрlау informatively аnd аеѕthеtісаllу.

Construct fіgurеѕ thаt mаkе a роіnt or іlluѕtrаtе a rеѕult.  Display thе dаtа іn an attractive way thаt allows thе reader to quickly grаѕр the content.

9. Cite judiciously аnd ассurаtеlу.

Choose rеfеrеnсеѕ thаt rеflесt a balanced framework fоr уоur wоrk, both hіѕtоrісаl аnd technical. Lіѕt rеfеrеnсеѕ іn a соnѕіѕtеnt format ассоrdіng to thе style оf thе intended journal.  Cіtе every rеfеrеnсе ассurаtеlу, іnсludіng соrrесt jоurnаl, vоlumе, раgеѕ, еtс.

10 Proof read your wrіtіng.

Remember thаt a piece оf wrіtіng іѕ еѕѕеntіаllу a соmmunісаtіоn tооl. Your wоrdѕ serves as аn еxрrеѕѕіоn of whаt уоu аrе trying to say tо others. And thіѕ саn оnlу be achieved through thе ԛuаlіtу of уоur wrіtіng. Tо еnѕurе thаt уоur wrіtіng іѕ оf high ԛuаlіtу, ѕреnd some tіmе going through the words and рісkіng оut glaring mіѕtаkеѕ. A ѕіmрlе mіѕtаkе саn сhаngе the entire context оf the ѕеntеnсе аnd rеаdеrѕ mау еnd up mіѕundеrѕtаndіng your mеѕѕаgе.


In conclusion, wrіtіng іѕ a ѕkіll thаt tаkеѕ time tо perfect. Juѕt spend more tіmе reading аnd wrіtіng and hаvе an еxреrt vеt thrоugh уоur work. You wіll іmрrоvе bу leaps аnd bounds.

Related References


Writing An Outline

Creating an Outline, Example MS Word Outline
Example MS Word Outline

An outline is a road map of your writing project. It organizes your thoughts, the points and the ideas you want to make. There is a specific structure to an outline. It’s even been standardized in some word processing packages.

The best way to start your outline is to put down your main points. The standard here is to use Roman numerals. Points you want to make that support your main points are sub-points. These points are noted by using capital letters. The process continues until all the sub-points have found a home and all major points have sub-points supporting them.

If you follow this blueprint, your ideas will flow smoothly.

When Should The Outline Be Written

Ideally, the outline should be created before you start the writing process.  Writing your outline is to keep part of the creative process for writing anything of much length. It’s a point in the process after you’ve chosen your topic, where you organize your thinking about what you want to say about a topic. This organization will help streamline your research efforts, ensure you have enough material to warrant the writing of the topic in first place, and allow you to organize the flow of the presentation of the material.

Writing an Outline

Short works do not necessarily need an extensive outline. However, the longer your work, the more complex and complete your outline needs to be. Once you’re into writing an outline, the process becomes easier as you go along. The more complete your outline is, the easier it is to write the sentences that weave your ideas together. Additionally, the more complete the outline, the less likely you are to miss a key area or topic you wish to discuss. Also, an outline can provide an opportunity to solidify your point of view as you write to your outline.

Do Your Research

Do you do your research before or after you do your outline? It depends! You should have enough research done to know what direction your work will take. You still can change or adjust that direction as you do additional research. It is important, though, to have some research done. As you develop your outline, you can leave blanks for the results of research work yet to be done. On the other hand, if you work to complete all your research before you begin the outline, you may find yourself stuck in the paralysis of analysis or that you decided to take a different direction from what you had when you perform your initial research and, therefore, need to go back to research to complete the scope of your outline.

Organize Your Thoughts

Once you have started your outline and have stated your thesis, it is time to organize your thoughts. Decide on your audience. That will influence your decisions on voice and style. You are ready to make decisions about what you will include and what you will not.  As you compose your first draft, you may find additional information you didn’t have when you made the outline, but that’s okay. Outlines are malleable and adjustments are common, but creating an outline will give you a blueprint for success.

Writing Tip: Do not throw any unused notes away, though, you never know when you will be able to use them in the future find a place where they fit when you start writing the body of the outline sections.

Importance of Structure

No matter what the purpose of your writing, the structure of your outline should be consistent throughout the project. Maintaining consistency helps you determine if your points are put in logical and easy-to-follow order. Once your outline is complete, writing the body of your work consists primarily of filling in the blanks and tying your points together. It also helps when you review your outline to make sure you have put in everything you intended to include.

Writing and using an outline is important. Using index cards and sticky notes that can be moved around can help you as you polish your outline. They can help you keep track of facts in writing project. The more you use outlines, the easier it will become to focus and organize your thinking and writing.

The Benefits Of Writing An Outline

Creating an outline as part of the writing process can save writers the frustration of staring at a blank screen waiting for ideas. While outlines seem like a time-consuming extra step, they save time by providing “structure that can quickly become more elaborate and detailed” state Cheryl Glenn and Loretta Gray, authors of the “Hodges Harbrace Handbook.” Regardless of the type of outline, there are several advantages to using an outlining when writing. The reasons why defining a structure and creating an outline for your writing project is so important:

Outlines Make Writing Easier

When you go to sit down to work, you know exactly what parts of your writing project need to get done. And remember, just because you have an ordered outline, you are NOT committed to writing it in order. You can start anywhere.

Outlines Make Your Message Memorable

Readers can remember your message when there is a structure attached to it. It makes abstract concepts more memorable and enables readers to feel they have gained something they can take away from the writing project after they have finished it.

Outlines Help Ensure You Are Thorough

If you have an outline, you won’t accidentally omit something vital to your message or storyline.

Outlines Help Limit Continuity Errors

While thoroughness refers to ensuring that all important thoughts and details are included in your text, continuity refers to ensuring your thoughts and events following a logical sequence. An outline can help you see the continuity of your writing project before writing it.

Outlines Help Ensure Your Work Has Symmetry

Symmetry means that all the assembled parts of your work have a “shape” when pieced all together.

Outlines Help Ensure Your Work Has Balance

A good outline can help you see if some parts of your work are less substantial than others. A well-balanced work is organized in such a way that the ideas are balanced both in quantity and in quality against each other.

Outlines Help Keep You Focused

When you have an outline (and stick to it) you won’t be as tempted to go off on a tangent. This doesn’t mean you will NEVER deviate or come up with great new ideas. But if the outline is there, you can see how these new ideas fit into your original intention.

Outlines Help To Motivate You

When you have an outline, you see yourself making progress and ticking off the “boxes”, so to speak. This helps keep you motivated as you move closer and closer to your goal of finishing your writing project.

Outlines Help You Develop A Regular Writing Practice

If you have an outline to depend upon, you are far more likely to sit down at your desk (or wherever you happen to write) and start writing rather than waiting for the “muse” to shoot arrows at you.

Outlines Provide a Writing Plan

An Outline helps writers create a writing plan. Writers can test which ideas work well together and which examples the best support their topics. With an outline, writers can move information around, see gaps in logic and experiment before committing to a full draft. Outlines enable writers to visualize whether they have included enough information for an introduction, body, and conclusion.

Outlines Help You Stay Organized

The organization of works can be challenging when writers generate pages of text and then try to impose order. Often, the work will be marked by repetition and include irrelevant content. This is where an outline can save the day. With the thesis, topics, and sub-topics already in place, the writer does not have to stop the flow of writing. She can just use the outline as a template and expand with details.

Outlines Make Reading Easier

Writing projects that have a structure that is easier for readers to comprehend.  With an outline, writers have already laid out how they will proceed with writing their work, which prevents meandering aimlessly on the page and confusing readers. With most of the heavy lifting done, writers need only to refer to their outline to keep their writing on track. Outlines are especially helpful when writing longer works, where forgetting important points and sources are more likely. An outline is a detailed roadmap.

Creating Outlines

in this modern age of tools, it is possible to allow the tools to build the outline for you. For example, in Microsoft Word you can use either the table of contents capabilities or the outline capabilities, to organize your outline. This can be a very dynamic way to build an outline.  To use this approach, once you’ve applied your headers and subheadings to create your outline, it is recommended that you do a ‘save as’ assign a document name and the suffix (e.g. Why_Apples_Are_Red_Manuscript_Outline). Then you can, can make a copy or do another ‘save as’ (e.g. Why_Apples_Are_Red_Manuscript_Outline) and begin filling in you outline sections with the details of the body of your work.  This will allow you to both have a backup copy of your outline for reference, but to literally use your outline as a skeleton for the actual writing of the body of the work.

Manual Outline Creation Guidelines

If for some reason, you are doing it by hand or need to create a more formal outline; then the general guidelines below may be useful.

Below is one way to format a traditional Roman numeral outline. Always follow your instructor’s or publisher’s guidelines, as they may require certain elements not described here.

Traditional Alphanumeric Outline

This is the most common type of outline, and often the style your instructor will expect. The outline format always begins with Roman numeral I, and follows these characters, in this order:

  • Roman Numerals
  • Capitalized Letters
  • Arabic Numerals
  • Lowercase Letters

Hopefully, you remember your Roman numerals from grade school. If not, don’t worry; you shouldn’t have to count too high!

  1. The main point follows a Roman numeral.
    A. Minor points follow capital letters.
    B. Each minor point must refer to the major point above.
              1.) If there are subpoints below the minor point, use Arabic numerals.
              2.) Indent each point according to its importance.
              3.) Each subpoint must be related to the minor point it follows.
                   a. If there are points below subpoints, use lower case letters.
                   b. Indent below the subpoint; must relate to point above.
                        i.) Sometimes, there are even smaller subdivisions.
                       ii.) Use small Roman numerals with one parenthesis to separate.
         C. The next minor point below the major point.
    II. Next Major point follows Roman numeral II.
         A. Minor point
         B. Minor point

Below is an example of an outline of a short work on “The College Application Process.” If you are composing a longer research work, simply add Roman numerals to follow your main points:



    A. Visit and evaluate college campuses
    B. Visit and evaluate college websites
    1.) Look for interesting classes
    2.) Note important statistics
    A. Write personal statement
    1.) Choose interesting topic
    a. Describe an influential person in your life
    1.) Favorite high school teacher
    2.) Grandparent
    b. Describe a challenging life event
    2.) Include important personal details
    a. Volunteer work
    b. Participation in varsity sports
    B. Revise personal statement
    A. List relevant coursework
    B. List work experience
    C. List volunteer experience
    1.) Tutor at foreign language summer camp
    2.) Counselor for suicide prevention hotline

The main points of your topic will look like an abbreviated topic sentence for each paragraph. So, the first Roman numeral or “I” would be for the introductory paragraph. The next Roman numeral or “II” will be for first body paragraph. The third “III” for the second body, and so on. When the outline is complete, each Roman numeral should equal the number of paragraphs in the work.

Also, note in the example above that following each Roman Numeral, capitalized a letter, Arabic numeral, and lowercase letter, you’ll insert a period and one space.