Good pictures are not
created by chance. One has to be equipped with basic principles of composition.
The arrangement of the elements in a picture can be influenced to catch the
attention of the viewers. When taking a photo, you need to consider the
position of each and every element in the picture.
One very important skill
in photography is called “center of interest.” Centering involves placing the
subject in the center of the frame. It is not necessarily that the subjects to
be exactly centered. Some subjects which are centered can still use the rule of
Why use the
principle of center of interest?
Here are the reasons why
every photographer should apply “center of interest” in their photography work:
To draw attention
to the subject
For you to draw attention
in an effective way to the point of interest, try centering, especially when
the composition is busy and when there are many similar objects that compete
for attention. This is because eyes will always go straight to the center stage
of the image. Centering different and strong subjects helps draw attention
Also, when there are few items in the composition, you can place the object at
the center of the image. If you want to take photographs of stand-alone objects
without showing the background and foreground and the subject filling the
frame, centering will focus on the subject itself and help toward the overall
aesthetics of the final product.
To create a sense
of space or size
In order to create a
sense of space and size, centering can be used. When a subject surrounded by
either smaller or larger objects is centered, the size of the subject is
emphasized. For example, if a house photographed in the middle of a big pasture
area, a sense of ‘smallness’ is created.
Centering can as well be used to create a sense of belonging to a space or a
sense of loss. If you photograph a child surrounded by many toys, you create an
atmosphere where the child belongs to space which is around them. Equally, if
you photograph a child surrounded by toys and a small empty space around the
child before the toys , a sense of loss and separation is created.
In both pictures, the child is the center of attention. The blank space in the
second image would be centered with the child as it becomes part of the center of
attention and the barrier to the toys.
Some subjects or backgrounds/foregrounds
will not allow you to compose according to the golden ratio or rule of thirds.
In some instances, the only photograph you can take is a centered one.
In other cases, the background or foreground objects may be distracting or when an element to the side of subject intrudes on the image and the subject is not centered. When such events occur, you should center the subject.
A centered subject commands more positive attention than a subject with a lamppost behind his/her head.
A short poem from a book of poems called “POEMS: Every Child Should Know”
by “The What-Every-Child-Should-Know-Library”.
This is a song and memory aid for children, which I remember from my
youth and which I thought was still useful today.
Today, landscape photography is very popular, perhaps more than ever before. If you think about it, you can probably remember seeing at least two landscape prints that you felt connected and drawn to. Photography can be an art form and more than just a pretty picture; Landscape photography is a message you want to convey to your audience, whether is it is the beauty, the devastation, a historical perspective or an emotion, it is your message. Now, if you specialize in landscape photography, you may think that capturing a great image is simple. But, there’s more to it than simply aiming a camera and taking a photo. You need to pay attention to detail, and make sure that you have great lighting, and properly place the subject you are photographing. It’s also important that you have the right equipment to aid you in your pursuit of photography.
Black And White Landscape Photography
With black and white landscape
photography capturing an amazing image is even more challenging than if you
were taking color pictures. With color taken out of the equation, you are
forced to focus on lighting and shadows more, which can be challenging. The
composition is also very important; you
need to pay attention to how you frame an image and look at edges, textures,
and tones that you see. The goal is to get
your camera to capture an image in black and white that looks like what your
eye would see in color.
If you choose to try your hand at black and white photography, you should try to focus on capturing images of buildings and water, since these are the most common subjects for this type of photography. Pay attention to highlights and shadows, as well as the angle from which you take the picture. When photographing water, water can provide an excellent contrast to trees and rocks, which helps to capture the eye of the viewer. Another great technique is to take photos of landmarks such as buildings and bridges to help draw the viewer in.
Color Landscape Photography
Paying close attention to contrast is essential with color landscape photography. While color gives an image a more vibrant look, it also makes it harder to achieve the contrast you need to create an interesting image. For example, if you are taking a picture of water under a blue sky, there probably won’t be enough contrast to interest people looking at the image. But, if you take a picture of water under a sunrise or sunset when the sky is bathed is reds and oranges, you are more likely to get a much better image. Remember that you need to take your time, set up properly, and take multiple pictures to ensure you have choices, that accidents destroy or cause to lose the composition of your picture.
Position is important
As it happens, I have more than once found the best picture of a landscape or other subject was not the one I originally intended to take. By taking multiple pictures from different positions, vertical angles, and lighting perspective, a person sometimes gets a far better picture or series of pictures than a carefully planned and choreographed approach.
Lighting For Landscape Photography
A landscape photographer depends upon natural lighting rather than artificial lighting, which means you will have to adapt to your subject since you won’t be able to alter or control the lighting. Filters can be used to achieve some specific effects. For best result use of a professional grade camera and tripod is recommended. Other things to consider where lighting is a concerned are:
Use of shadow
Taking advantage of shadows can add a lot of character to our landscape shots. However, it will take some patience, and you will have to leverage what mother nature has to offer. In the case of a landscape photographer, we have to work with the shadows that are provided by the angle of the sun, other objects in the landscape, such as mountains, trees, and clouds. Whether only partial shading is involved or perhaps complete shading of one object in the non-shading of the remainder of the landscape, shadows can add a significant amount of contrast or pictures.
Use Of Seasonality
Seasonality, can add character in a number of ways. First, is the simple color of the changes that occur in certain parts of the world and fall and spring and winter and even the nature of what is there to offer such as snow cover. Also, the sons lighting tends to change across the season’s fall, and autumn may have yellow were sunlight then Midsummer. Working with what the seasons provide the same landscape can look stark if it happens to be a deciduous forest in winter, glossy bright this new snowfall warm hot and dry and Midsummer heat. So, there are reasons that even the same landscape character can change in just a few weeks and therefore, it doesn’t hurt to return to the same landscape multiple times to take advantage of the change in character.
Use Of Time
Time is also important to a landscape photographer, both from the perspective of the time of day; morning, noon, evening, night, dawn or dusk. But there is also another characteristic of time, which can be very useful when taking landscape pictures, which is time-lapse photography. Time-lapse photography provides a character to landscape photos in certain circumstances. In those instances where you have movement in the environment, such as running water, windblown leaves, branches waving in the wind, shadow movements across time, and others, time last photography can add character which no other approach can. Time-lapse photography is also a very good reason a high-quality camera and perhaps most of all a tripod.
With some planning and by honing your skills you can become a masterful landscape photographer But, you have to remember that the small LCD screen you are looking at won’t show you everything that will show up in a final print. Always take more than one picture from different perspectives to provide more opportunity to have high-quality pictures to choose from and use or sale. Just remember nobody is born a great photographer. To achieve mastery takes, study,practice, a smidgen of talent, a passion, and perseverance.