Consilience is the confluence of concepts and/or principles from different disciplines, especially, when forming a comprehensive unifying theory.
Why are some inventions discovered at the same time in different parts of the world? Does this have something to do with the scientific process of “sharing important discoveries?” Generally, scientists believe that they are part of a community of knowledge. Their discoveries do not occur in a vacuum. They must give credit to those who went before and created the foundation for their work. Therefore, when they discover something new, they are required to share it with the entire world. This sharing is part of knowledge evolution. Interestingly enough, it is also key to the World Wide Web. Collaboration is one of the key strengths of the Internet. It is a way to increase overall knowledge of Planet Earth. Science can also increase the strength of their theories through independent confirmation.
There are oftentimes prescriptions for the types and numbers of witnesses to accomplish certain legal requirements. Anyone who has completed an experiment understands the importance of result conciliation. A hypothesis is not proven to be true unless it can be repeated by independent sources. This shows that the reality is objective. The word, Consilience was formed by two Latin words – “com” meaning “together” and the suffix “-silence” meaning “jumping.” Therefore, Consilience means “jumping together” or a “convergence of proof from independent sources.” Scientists should use different methods to reach the same conclusion. Business and economics have a similar concept. Just think of the concept of a Recession or Depression. These are officially declared when a variety of indicators are in agreement – stock market, employment, inflation, money supply and so forth.
Consulting can use the concept of Consilience to teach firms how to follow objective norms. Technology consulting can compare a subjective company’s practices to objective industry norms. The best career development is successful based on objective, independent analysis. The concordance of evidence can help a business create a successful strategy. Consilience is the convergence of evidence from independent sources to prove the validity of a conclusion. Objective corporate success can be achieved by satisfying objective needs of your customers. Business intelligence requires an objective standard, such as Consilience to be useful.
Consilience is important to you because the answer to any given problem may not necessarily come from within your field of expertise and experience. rather, to be truly competitive in an ever increasing world of knowledge, we need to adopt a broad-scoped renaissance approach to learning and thinking, which folds in other sets of concepts and principles to create the durable solutions for today and tomorrow.
Traveling across the world can be exhilarating for men, but regularly do we mislay sight of the crucial stuffs we want to travel with. Most men at some point has forgotten a vital item while going only to feel remorseful it while hundreds of miles away from his household. In response, we made this convenient men’s travel checklist so you can be self-assured when departing home with all the needed prerequisites. After devoting time to other travel lists, we observed they were a number of things missing, bearing in mind that none were really made just for men. Even some popular travel checklists appeared to continuously overlook sunglasses. We do not know about your trip, but going to the beach and being blind the whole time does not sound too good an idea. Business travel always comprise of two infuriatingly self-contradictory points:
the need to travel light, and
the necessity to put on some of the largest items of men’s clothing.
Experienced travelers are aware of the risk of checked luggage, and also recognize the vital requirement of putting all into a carry-on bag. It is the solitary way of reaching your journey’s end with 100% assured that you will have things you need in the coming days. Anytime you plan on going on a trip, all you have to do is get a copy of our men’s travel checklist. And you will acknowledge yourself for spending lesser time before leaving for your trip. We always endorse travelers to simply cross off each item listed with a pen stroke. The whole process is Pretty straight if you ask us! So how do you get it expertly done? Below are a few secrets for you:
Step One: Owning the Right Bag
When we discuss about packing light, it is all about carry-on luggage. Having the luxury of inspecting your bag, alters the game a bit. At this stage, you can make use of either a full-size hanger bag or an upright suitcase. You need to choose carefully if you want to get all in one bag and here are a few points to note:
Not all airlines have similar policies, you would need to get a bag that works for all and also meets the European standards as well.
The most popular carry-on style is the small rolling suitcase with rectangular edges. It is basically a scaled-down suitcase and works just fine.
The size and style of the bag determine how you pack it. Leaving for a business trip with the wrong choice, sets a not too good first impression. A good business bag should be dark, subdued, and modest.
Step Two: Taking Along the Right Items
So, you have got the right bag. The next question is what goes in it? Have it in mind that our goal here is packing light and packing for business. This implies a wardrobe made of a few multipurpose pieces rather than various clothing for every event. Expect to wear a jacket a couple of times over. A weekend can generally be done with a jacket, dual pairs of pants and shirts, plus miscellanies. This provides sufficient diversity and retains the space to a basic minimum. If it is going to be longer, an additional jacket and extra shirts becomes necessary.
Step Three: Packing Your Bag Efficiently
The process of packing your bag efficiently has two goals: getting as much stuff inside, and moving it around without damaging its contents. If you are going to have a day of downtime, you can pack a little more sloppily and hope of having time to have your shirts and even your suits pressed. Every man has a to some extent a diverse packing style, but overall, here are some consistent guidelines for what goes where:
Shoes below first is always a good place to start. They are the least flexible stuff.
Save space by filling shoes with smaller stuff like belts, ties, or socks.
Also, stick shoes in a dust bag. This guards your clothes against any shoe dirt.
Fold shirts and jackets vertically and roll them loosely. This averts deep rumples in the middle and permits you to add more of them per packing layer.
Wear a sharp outfit with a jacket when going. This provides an extra set of business-appropriate clothes.
A quick list of items a man should ponder on when packing for a trip
Allergy pills, Prescription medications, and painkillers/ migraine pills
Deodorant and Mouthwash
Plastic toothpicks, Razor and spare blades
Small Battery electric razor – For the long day touch up
Charging cable and adapter for phone
Clean USB Sticks – To provide copied items to customer
Professional Note, Laptop and Phone
Locking cable for computer
Headphones for dictation and entertainment
Reference USD Sticks – work and professional reference items
Post-it tabs – at least two colors
Blazer, Business Suit (slacks and coat) and Over Coat (During cold weather seasons)
Handkerchief (quantity 2)
coordinated with a suit and tie and use as a pocket square
for pants pocket use
Hat and Scarf – Depending on the weather seasons
Smaller accessories like Belt, Socks, shoes, and Ties
T-shirts and Underthings
Tie Clip and Safety Pin (quantity 2) — for emergencies and backup tie clip
Digital Camera — I use my iPhone for this also
Driver’s license and Passport or Passport card –if traveling abroad
Plane tickets and boarding pass–if not on the phone
Sunglasses, reading and/or computer glasses
Wallet and House and/or car keys
Most of these are simple, rational guidelines, and that is because packing efficiently and light for any trip is one way to remain organized and focused on the purpose of the trip. Remove the stuff that is not a necessity, pack the needed items sensibly, and you are one step already to a memorable trip.
I know having a travel list as a lady can be intimidating. Also figuring out what items to take for trips which might be only for few days or weeks can become a challenge. Without any or little experience about your chosen destination, I have put up a travel checklist for ladies to help check your backpacks. Other than your backpack or suitcase, this travel checklist is one of the most significant item you will need. Some of these items will be with you all day, so make it relaxed. I have learnt thankfully, with some essential items, you can take a trip to any location when fully prepared. Below are the tested, used, and still loved ways to ensure your trip becomes a lasting memory:
Which Clothes to Pack
Depending on the place you choose to visit, you do not have to stress so much about getting ready a complete baggage to go prior to taking off. Depending on the region and whether at the time, picking the right clothes to wear would go a long way in serving you through the trip. These lists below can guide you picking the right clothes for any weather condition. Remember, the numbers can vary depending on the number of days the trip would last.
9 pairs of comfortable underwear
7 pairs of thick socks
3–4 long-sleeved shirts, sweaters and/or sweater dresses, and pairs of leggings
3 thermal shirts
1 pair of thick pants
A pair of snow boots, heavy coat, and gloves
1 scarf and winter hat
8 pairs of whatever underwear you find the most comfortable
5–7 simple tank tops that can be mixed and matched with other clothes.
2–3 pairs of shorts of various lengths and light cotton pants and/or leggings.
2 long clothes for conservative environs that requires moderation.
2 pairs of socks
1 pair of hiking shoes and a pair flip-flops or sandals
A hat for the face
9 pairs of comfortable underwear
4 pairs of socks: some for sport shoes and some for boots
3–4 tank tops
2–3 long-sleeved shirts, pairs of shorts with different length, and t-shirts
2 pairs of leggings
1 pair of jeans or thick pants
1 pair of closed-toed shoes, running shoes, flip-flops
1 jacket, preferably something waterproof
Real World Items
Although most items like bedding are offered with accommodations, apart from that you would need other practical items to make every trip easier. For instance, in some regions around the world, it is considerably easy to get laundry done at your hotels than washing it with your hands. When on a business trips or just traveling the world, it can be costlier and tough to find somebody doing excellent laundry services. The following can assist in your trips easy:
Menstrual cup which can reused through your trip. For instance, they are almost no tampons in China!
Headlamp for camping, digging in your bag after dark and as a personal flashlight at night
Microfiber towel –regardless of the location, having your own saves unnecessary hassle.
Packing cubes – which can be used for compressing and organizing clothes
Sleeping bag liner – whenever you come across a less clean hotel
Travel line for cloth drying especially in Africa and South America, where it is not always available.
If you are traveling with any technical items and valuables, which often most ladies are guilty of, the resulting most significant thing to take along are good locks and materials to keep your devices and personal effects safe. You may not be able to watch over your belongings 24/7 and always carrying important around is not advisable. Below are a few personal items you might consider useful through the course of you trip as our interest can vary individually:
Camera with batteries, charger, spare memory cards
Cell phone/phone cards/charger which can be packed in waterproof containers
flashlight or small LED, and headlamp which are very useful at night.
Good travel laptop if you really need to keep up with work and post those wonderful pictures on social media.
Individual country plug adapters or a universal adapter
Pens or other writing materials
Phrase book or handheld electronic devices
USB key use it to keep copies of your important papers and to carry your documents
Most of these are simple, rational guidelines for ladies looking to have their backpack checked and ready to move. The ladies Travel Checklist can aid ladies pack efficiently and light for any trip. This keeps any lady organized and ready for whichever way the trip turns out to be. Remove the unnecessary stuffs, pack the needed items, and you are ready to make that trip!!
Water is such a crucial aspect of survival and has been such a strong focal point for mankind since time immemorial. It’s natural that we have so many names for it. Rivers, brooks, creeks, springs, and other terms are only some examples. If there is a form of moving water that’s at least somewhat different from another one, the chances are good that we have a name for it. Still, if you’ve ever caught yourself wondering what all those different words really mean and how you can tell the difference, you’re not the only one. This article will help you do just that.
What are Rivers?
The question might feel redundant at first, since, after all, everyone knows what a river is, right? A river is certainly something that’s defined and has particular characteristics that distinguish it. In general, rivers are a result of accumulated water that moves downhill from higher elevations. As such, gravity is the key factor at play, and that’s the simplest explanation.
All of that water can come from a few sources, but the most common one is rain. During rainfall, the water that doesn’t seep into the ground will always flow downhill and find its way to certain points of accumulation, which are usually rivers but are also often lakes and similar bodies of water. The water that flows into rivers is also referred to as precipitation runoff or watershed. On the other hand, the water that seeps into the ground eventually forms groundwater.
This is a natural system that ultimately transports most of that water to the sea, as that’s where all rivers ultimately lead. Streams, creeks, and such tend to be the tributaries of rivers, and individual rivers can either lead directly into the sea or into other bigger rivers, which then flow into a sea or ocean.
With that said, the natural terrain of a certain area can dictate that all of this flowing water makes its way into an area that is surrounded by higher ground on all sides, which is one of the ways in which lakes form. Another way in which “lakes” can form is when people build dams to choke the flow of a river to a certain degree, in which case that body of water is actually called a reservoir.
Rivers are also characterized by their usefulness in many ways other than just providing drinking water. Since mankind first settled and engaged in any form of sedentary life, rivers have been the connection between distant communities. Rivers have always been used for trade, transport, irrigation, controlled flooding, and even as natural barriers. It is no surprise that the first sophisticated human civilizations emerged around life-sustaining river systems such as the Nile and the Tigris-Euphrates. Later on, rivers became generators of electricity and, in some locales, they have birthed and sustained major trading hubs. If there is a city or any other kind of big settlement built around it, it’s definitely a river.
The Difference between Rivers, Streams, and Creeks
The difference between the various terms that we use for flowing water largely has to do with size. The general populace understands this too. You will rarely encounter anyone who would look at a major river like the Mississippi or the Nile and refer to those as creeks, however uninformed they are on the subject. Most of the time, we simply know a river when we see one.
A line needs to be drawn somewhere between the definitions, though, so there will be some bodies of water that are close to those lines. The general rule of thumb is that the rivers are the largest, and creeks are the smallest, while streams fall somewhere in the middle.
Keeping in mind what we mentioned earlier about how and why rivers are formed from water that flows downhill, creeks and streams are part of that process. Namely, as that water starts to make its way downhill, it will naturally take certain paths, one of which is a creek. This is the initial form in which the water flows, and numerous creeks will eventually merge into streams, and streams will then join rivers. Streams can be relatively big, especially compared to creeks. Some streams can have enough volume or power to keep a mill going, for instance, which is something that streams have been used forever.
With all that said, the truth is that there is no sort of official guidelines to define these terms strictly and clearly based on this, such as width or water volume. Not only that, but there can also be subtle linguistic differences between American English, which we are focusing on here, and other nations in the Anglosphere.
In addition, keep in mind that folks like Geologists might use the term “stream” for any water that flows under the influence of gravity. As such, even rivers can be viewed as big streams, even though the volume and power of their water flow often make them distinct. E especially in the case in mountainous areas where rivers make their way through rough, steep terrain and thus accumulate great power and develop very strong currents.
Because of all this, it’s best to keep in mind the general rule of thumb and the characteristics of rivers that we discussed earlier. On top of that, reserve the term “creek” for especially small streams, and you will usually be accurate.
General Wisdom Definitions For Springs And Artesian Wells
Another common characteristic of most rivers is that they are not easy to cross, and some of them can easily be deadly during such attempts.
One of the most important characteristics, however, is that rivers are navigable by boats and other vessels. Streams and creeks are shallow most of the time. Despite the fact that somewhere along their flow, you might find a deeper section, it is generally impossible to put a boat into a stream and commence to row downstream.
When it comes to crossing, a stream is something you can usually cross without much difficulty. You might have to get your feet just a bit wet, but you will be across in no time. If there are rocks sticking out of the water, which is often the case with streams, you can even stay dry.
Creeks are generally to streams what streams are to rivers, and smaller yet are brooks. Popular wisdom tends to suggest that you can swim across a river, wade through a stream, jump across a creek, and simply step over a brook. With allowance for some common sense and certain outliers in some contexts, this wisdom tends to hold true. Even if a river seems to allow you to wade through it in some sections, it will still likely knock you over at some point, which will almost never happen in a stream.
Something else you should keep in mind is how the precipitation runoff process influences where streams and these other smaller forms of flowing water will appear. Since brooks, creeks, and streams are the forms that water takes on while it flows downhill into rivers, this means that you will usually see streams and these smaller variations in hilly and mountainous areas. That doesn’t mean you’ll only ever find them there, but if it fits at least some of the above criteria and is located in the hills, it’s probably a stream or something smaller.
The Hierarchy Of Rivers, Streams, Creeks, And Brooks
As you can see, the hierarchy generally consists of rivers, streams, creeks, and brooks, in order of size and power. However, as you might already know, these terms are subject to certain local variations all over the world, with significant variations existing even within the confines of just the US.
One term for what is usually a small stream in some parts of the US is a “run.” This term can be found in names of certain places like Bull Run, VA, but it is also found in Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, and other states. It can also sometimes be next to a “creek.” Some of the local terms in the US don’t even come from English, such as “kill,” which comes from the names given by the Dutch, from the Middle Dutch word “kille,” meaning “riverbed.” This is a common occurrence in New York, with one example being the Catskill Creek, a tributary of the Hudson River.
In all, your best bet is to consider streams as subordinate to rivers, while everything else falls under streams. Not to be confused with things like channels, canals, springs, or artesian wells, though. While these terms might often technically refer to moving water, they are certainly not rivers or streams.
What is A Channel
A “channel” is a rather broad term that refers to a passage where water can move through, on top of all the other well-known meanings that the word has. Canals are waterways, usually artificial, which have been strategically cut through certain areas to allow ships and boats to pass. A famous example is the Suez Canal, which connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean via the Red Sea, removing the need for ships to travel all the way around Africa.
Spring Versus Artesian Well
Springs and artesian wells, in the simplest terms, are places where underground water comes to the surface and can be used by people or animals. The general difference is that springs are natural, while artesian wells are artificial. This kind of well is dug deep in order to reach sections of underground water where the hydrostatic pressure of the water itself will make the water flow upward.
Growing Oregano: A Home Gardener’s Guide is intended as a home gardener’s and homemaker’s handbook for growing the Oregano herb indoor and or outdoors.
What This Book Covers?
Growing Oregano: A Home Gardener’s Guide, covers everything from which cultivar to choose, to how to get the most from your herb garden, how to harvest and store your oregano, and teaches you everything you know to turn extra space in your vegetable garden, backyard, on your patio or kitchen counter into an herb garden adding a bit more flavor and character to the rest of your life.
Growing Oregano: A Home Gardener’s Guide On Amazon
It doesn’t matter whether you are a full-time businessperson, a stay-at-home mom, a nine-to-five office worker, or a shift worker, you need a system in place to plan your day, and to organize and prioritize all your events and tasks. No plan means things get left undone, urgent jobs get pushed back, and you forget to do things.
We used to have a notepad and pen or a pile of post-it notes, but these days, digital devices have taken over. Can you remember the last time you wrote yourself a reminder? Most of use our digital devices as a calendar and reminder system, but is it the best way to go? Has a good old pen and paper been banished?
I still use a pad of paper and a pen. I even have a whiteboard on the wall by my desk, with all my daily tasks on it, but many think that’s an odd way to do things these days. I get asked, “Why don’t you just set reminders on your phone?” Apart from the fact that I don’t like my phone pinging at me every five minutes, there are scientific benefits to using a paper planner rather than a digital one. So, if you’re a die-hard digital planner, just cast your eye over these benefits.
Most people automatically think of reminders and notifications when they think of digital planners compared to paper planners. I mean, how convenient is it to have your phone ding at you when it’s time to go somewhere or do a recurring task? But think about this – how many notifications, on average, do you get every day? And how many of those reminders or notifications do you take notice of? Do you wipe them off your screen? We hear so many dings and notification popups, we’ve become desensitized, to the extent that half the time, we don’t even look at the reminder – we know that those dings are annoying, and they distract us.
Studies show that spending too much time looking at your phone screen harms your brain, so while it seems convenient to use your phone as a planner, all you are doing is compounding the issue. And be honest here, how many times have you started reading a reminder and got side-tracked by a Facebook notification? So much so that suddenly an hour has passed, an hour of wasted time.
When you use a pen and paper to write your daily plan, you give your eyes a rest, and you rest your brain from the seemingly endless number of emails and notifications you get. In short, your focus improves, and you give your brain a much-needed rest.
There’s more to pen and paper than you think, so read on!
You’ve heard this before, but probably you just brushed it aside like an old wives tale – writing things down helps you to remember them better. It is true, but there’s a bit more to it. Not only will you formulate your plans better, but handwriting also stimulates specific brain cells located at the base of your brain that help to increase your focus.
Writing is a physical activity, and that action is what triggers that part of the brain and pushes it into the high-focus mode. When you write a goal down, your brain works hard to make you remember it. A study done at the Dominican University in California found that when people wrote their goals and shared them, making themselves accountable for them, they were more than 30% more likely to stick to them than those who made mental notes about their goals.
Using a digital screen stops that brain triggering from happening; it’s like having a shield in front of you, blocking you from what you are doing. So, in simple terms, writing your planner by hand engages your brain much better than just typing them on a screen.
When you write longhand, it takes a lot more effort, but it also ensures you are to the point and concise. Sure, typing is faster and easier, but it does make it hard to refine your thoughts and be selective. If you are making the switch from paper to digital, or vice versa, check out your notes – I bet the handwritten ones are more to the point and make more sense than the digital ones.
When we write, we can clarify things, and we can connect mindfully with our tasks and goals. When you draw up a written to-do list, you can abbreviate certain things, but for long-term planners and goals, it’s better to be precise – the relationship between what we think and the language we use is very strong, so when you write a goal down, it sticks in your mind. And how convenient is it to have your goals written down, staring at you in the face?
There are far more benefits to writing your plans than just better organization. It may surprise you, but Japan, probably the top country in the world for digital technology, thrives on using pen and paper. They refer to it, in wit, as a “techno planner culture” and virtually all Japanese people take time to use pen and paper, stickers, drawings, color coding, and so on, to organize their thoughts and their day.
Lots of studies link handwriting with mindfulness and many people who seek therapy for stress-management recommend keeping a hand-written journal, simply because of how therapeutic it is. Much like meditation, writing by hand helps you to sort your thoughts out, and because it takes so much more effort, you learn to be selective about your words. That improves how you define things, such as your goals, attitudes, and feelings. As you write them down, you learn how best to deal with them.
A Healthy Habit
In the same way as writing your plans makes you more inclined to commit to them, writing in a planner is a commitment too. We tend to cling to the physical more than the digital, simply because it is real. With the digital, with a screen separating you, committing to notification or a planner tends to be lost among all the other notifications, apps, reminders, and other stuff on your computer or mobile device. When you have a physical planner or a notepad and pen on your desk, you’ve got a physical reminder to use it.
And if habits aren’t your thing, using a physical planner could be the first step in making a positive change. Research has shown that new habits take anywhere from 21 to 66 days to form which means, you only really have to use a paper planner for a month or so before it becomes a habit – not long at all.
Combining all these steps leads to the critical points of productivity – writing your goals and daily activities by hand will make you more motivated, more organized, and more productive.
Now, have I managed to change your mind? If you are considering taking a paper planner for a trial run, there are a few tips to bear in mind.
Evaluate What You Need
Think about a typical day in your life. Do you get so busy that you occasionally forget things? Try a basic daily planner with dates. If you prefer to draw up long, detailed to-do lists, you want a planner that has the space for that. If you prefer a planner that you can track both long and short-term plans that helps you track things and boost your productivity, look for an appropriate planner – a yearly, page-a-day diary is the most common one.
How Much Do You Want to Spend?
Set a limit. Is a $50 planner any better than a $5 planner? Or a pad of paper and a pen? You don’t need to spend a fortune, make sure you get something that suits your needs.
Have a System
Think about what you want to write, what you want to track, and then think about how you want to do it. You could use colored stickers for indicating importance, for example. The important thing is not to make it complicated – it’s no good if you can’t read and understand your planner!
Import Your Data
If you have a digital system in place already, make sure you go through every tracking or planning app and your calendar to transfer the data over. If you have recurring goals, make sure those are added in the right places in your new paper planner, too, to make the switch as seamless as possible.
Try it For One Month
Go on, take the challenge. Try using a paper system for just one month and see how you get on with it. Set a reminder to make sure you complete your daily planner every day and try to make it into a new habit.
Productivity is directly linked to your adoption of good habits, great systems, and useful tools, as long as they work FOR you and not AGAINST you. You don’t have to go completely paper; you can have a combined system of paper and digital, again, as long as it works. And if it works, make sure you stick to it.
Some people find using manual paper planners are simply not efficient, but in an increasingly digital world, there is strong evidence in favor of using a paper planner. It could well be one of the easiest steps that you take toward being healthier and more productive.